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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to look for visual subjective and objective parameters of vocal fold dynamics being capable of differentiating healthy from pathologic voices in daily clinical practice applying endoscopic high-speed digital imaging (HSI). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Four hundred ninety-six datasets containing 80 healthy and 416(More)
BACKGROUND Soft tissue navigation has traditionally been neglected in computer-aided surgery (CAS) because of unpredictable margins of error. In our study, we examined clinical cases in which standard CAS was applied in soft tissue surgery in the head and neck region. Its extended applicability, margins of error, and general performance are described and(More)
Experiments on human and on animal excised specimens as well as in vivo animal preparations are so far the most realistic approaches to simulate the in vivo process of human phonation. These experiments do not have the disadvantage of limited space within the neck and enable studies of the actual organ necessary for phonation, i.e., the larynx. The studies(More)
For the analysis of vocal fold dynamics, sub- and supraglottal influences must be taken into account, as recent studies have shown. In this work, we analyze the influence of changes in the epilaryngeal area on vocal fold dynamics. We investigate two excised female larynges in a hemilarynx setup combined with a synthetic vocal tract consisting of hard(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate our experience in the diagnostic approach to inflamed benign tumors of the parotid gland at a single tertiary center. METHODS A retrospective evaluation was carried out for all patients with signs of inflammation in the parotid gland on the ground of a benign parotid tumor, as confirmed by permanent(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to identify parameters that would differentiate healthy from pathological organic-based vocal fold vibrations to emphasize clinical usefulness of high-speed imaging. METHOD Fifty-five men (M age = 36 years, SD = 20 years) were examined and separated into 4 groups: 1 healthy (26 individuals) and 3 pathological (10(More)
When coming to terms with a diagnosis of laryngeal cancer, patients find different ways of coping with their illness. These may or may not be related to communication. Vocal aspects of quality of life are particularly important with cancer of the larynx. The correlation between coping and subjective assessment of the voice-related quality of life was(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this work was to determine the feasibility of a robotic-assisted and fully automated approach to the sphenoid sinus. An image-guided robotic system was designed to address potential human errors in performing transsphenoidal sinus surgery by combining the reproducible accuracy of a robotic system with standard computer navigation. (More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Quantitative analysis of endoscopic high-speed video recordings of vocal fold vibrations has been growing in importance in recent years. The videos have mainly been analyzed using subjective evaluation, but this is examiner dependent, and the results show inadequate interobserver agreement. The aims of this study were therefore to(More)
Voice quality is strongly dependent on vocal fold dynamics, which in turn are dependent on lung pressure and vocal fold biomechanics. Numerical and physical models are often used to investigate the interactions of these different subsystems. However, the utility of numerical and physical models is limited unless appropriately validated with data from(More)