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OBJECTIVES To compare three different methods of falls reporting and examine the characteristics of the data missing from the hospital incident reporting system. DESIGN Fourteen-month prospective observational study nested within a randomized controlled trial. SETTING Rehabilitation, stroke, medical, surgical, and orthopedic wards in Perth and Brisbane,(More)
BACKGROUND Older people are more likely to be exposed to polypharmacy. People with dementia, especially those living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs), are at particularly high risk of medication harm. We sought to describe medications prescribed for a sample of people with dementia living in RACFs. METHODS A total of 351 residents with dementia(More)
BACKGROUND Falls are a common adverse event during hospitalization of older adults, and few interventions have been shown to prevent them. METHODS This study was a 3-group randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of 2 forms of multimedia patient education compared with usual care for the prevention of in-hospital falls. Older hospital patients (n = 1206)(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the effectiveness of a digital video disc (DVD) with that of a written workbook delivering falls prevention education to older hospital patients on self-perceived risk of falls, perception of falls epidemiology, knowledge of prevention strategies, and motivation and confidence to engage in self-protective strategies. To compare the(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive impairment and heart failure are both serious health problems related to population ageing. Impaired cognitive function is an important but underrecognized complication of congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of the study was to examine the sociodemographic, clinical, neuroimaging and biochemical parameters affecting cognition in(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine whether older people are prepared to engage in appropriate falls prevention strategies after discharge from hospital. DESIGN AND METHODS We used a semi-structured interview to survey older patients about to be discharged from hospital and examined their knowledge regarding falls prevention strategies to utilize(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify factors that are associated with older patients' engagement in exercise in the 6 months after hospital discharge. DESIGN A prospective observational study using qualitative and quantitative evaluation. SETTING Follow-up of hospital patients in their home setting after discharge from a metropolitan general hospital. PARTICIPANTS(More)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with impaired cognition, but the mechanisms underlying these changes remain unclear. We designed this study to determine whether adults with CHD show regional brain losses of grey matter volume relative to controls. We used statistical parametric mapping (SPM5) to determine regional changes in grey matter(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to determine (i) risk factors for postdischarge falls and (ii) the effect of inpatient falls prevention education on rates of falls after discharge. METHODS Participants (n = 343) were a prospective cohort nested within a randomized controlled trial (n = 1,206) of falls prevention patient education in hospital compared with(More)
BACKGROUND Accidental falls by older patients in hospital are one of the most commonly reported adverse events. Falls after discharge are also common. These falls have enormous physical, psychological and social consequences for older patients, including serious physical injury and reduced quality of life, and are also a source of substantial cost to health(More)