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OBJECTIVE To describe the electronic medical databases used in antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes in lower-income countries and assess the measures such programmes employ to maintain and improve data quality and reduce the loss of patients to follow-up. METHODS In 15 countries of Africa, South America and Asia, a survey was conducted from December(More)
Research at the University of Southampton has extended generalised Open Hypermedia (OH) models to include concepts of context and behaviour, both traditionally very important to the Adaptive Hypermedia (AH) domain. In this paper we re-evaluate Brusilovsky's pragmatic taxonomy of AH techniques from a structural perspective. A variety of OH structures are(More)
A digital library, together with its users and its contents, does not exist in isolated splendour; nor in hypertext terms is it merely the intertextual relationships between its texts. There is a cycle of activities which provides the context for the library's existence, and which the library supports through its various roles of information access,(More)
In today's adaptive hypermedia systems, adaptivity is provided based on accumulative data gained from observing the user. User modelling, the capturing of information about the user such as their knowledge, tasks, attitudes, interests etc., is only a small part of the global context in which the user is working. At Southampton University we have formed a(More)
The paper reports on the FREMA (Framework Reference Model for Assessment) project that aims at creating a Reference Model for the Assessment Domain and delivering it via a heavily interlinked Web site. Because the resulting network of resources (standards, projects, people, organisations, software, services and use cases) is so complex, we require a method(More)
The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) develop and maintain guidelines for making the web more accessible to people with disabilities. WCAG 2.0 and the MWBP 1.0 are internationally regarded as the industry standard guidelines for web accessibility. Mobile testing sessions conducted by AbilityNet document issues raised(More)
PROBLEM As national antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes scale-up, it is essential that information is complete, timely and accurate for site monitoring and national planning. The accuracy and completeness of reports independently compiled by ART facilities, however, is often not known. APPROACH This study assessed the quality of quarterly aggregate(More)
OBJECTIVE OpenMRS (www.openmrs.org) is a configurable open source electronic medical record application developed and maintained by a large network of open source developers coordinated by the Regenstrief Institute and Partners in Health and mainly used for HIV patient and treatment information management in Africa. Our objective is to develop an open(More)
Collecting, managing, and communicating information is a critical part of delivering high-quality, efficient health care. Low-income countries often lack the information technology that is taking root in developed countries to manage health data and work toward evidence-based practice and culture. Partnerships between academic and government institutions in(More)
BACKGROUND The scale-up of treatment for HIV and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in developing countries requires a long-term relationship with the patient, accurate and accessible records of each patient's history, and methods to track his/her progress. Recent studies have shown up to 24% loss to follow-up of HIV patients in Africa during(More)