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The Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) is a useful, robust model marine organism for tissue metabolism studies. Its relatively few organs are easily delineated and there is sufficient understanding of their functions based on classical assays to support interpretation of advanced spectroscopic approaches. Here we apply high-resolution proton nuclear(More)
The cytotoxicity and time-dependent membrane disruption by polypropylenimine dendrimer conjugates on cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) is reported. Fluorescently labeled derivatives of generation 5 polypropylenimine dendrimers were prepared via conversion of amines to acetamides or through the covalent attachment of high molecular(More)
The cysteine precursor L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (OTZ, procysteine) can raise cysteine concentration, and thus glutathione levels, in some tissues. OTZ has therefore been proposed as a prodrug for combating oxidative stress. We have synthesized stable isotope labeled OTZ (i.e. L-2-oxo-[5-(13)C]-thiazolidine-4-carboxylate, (13)C-OTZ) and tracked its(More)
The glycine cleavage system (GCS), the major pathway of glycine catabolism in liver, is found only in the mitochondria matrix and is regulated by the oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+) )/reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) ratio. In conjunction with serine hydroxymethyltransferase, glycine forms the 1 and 2 positions of serine,(More)
The adoptive transfer of tumor-reactive T cells has shown great promise in treating patients with metastatic cancer. However, effective T cell responses are limited by the availability of T cell growth factors such as IL-2 and tumor-induced suppressive pathways. As tumor-induced suppression may hamper cytokine responsiveness, we hypothesized that(More)
Ex vivo IL-12 priming of tumor-reactive CD8+ T-cells enhances their persistence and subsequent anti-tumor efficacy upon adoptive cell transfer (ACT) into lymphode-pleted mice. Since IL-7 and IL-15 are considered critical for the persistence of adoptively transferred T-cells, we investigated the responsiveness of IL-12 primed CD8+ T-cells to these(More)
The Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) is a useful, robust model marine organism for tissue metabolism studies. Its relatively few organs are easily delineated and there is sufficient understanding of their functions based on classical assays to support interpretation of advanced spectroscopic approaches. Here we apply high-resolution proton nuclear(More)
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