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Despite its being one of the most commonly observed neurological disorders, neuropathological studies of essential tremor (ET) are rare. There have been surprisingly few autopsy studies and even fewer case-control comparisons. The primary objective was to describe and quantify the pathological changes in 33 ET and 21 control brains. A secondary objective(More)
BACKGROUND Individual variations in the course of Lewy body Parkinson disease (PD) are well known. Patients have been classified into different clinical subtypes to identify differences in the course among the subgroups. Several studies indicate that the outcome is more favorable in tremor dominant (TD) cases but others report no difference. A majority of(More)
PURPOSE To test the ability of susceptibility weighted images (SWI) and high pass filtered phase images to localize and quantify brain iron. MATERIALS AND METHODS Magnetic resonance (MR) images of human cadaver brain hemispheres were collected using a gradient echo based SWI sequence at 1.5T. For X-ray fluorescence (XRF) mapping, each brain was cut to(More)
We evaluated 16 (15 men, 1 woman) autopsy-verified progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) cases during 31 years (1969-2000) for clinical diagnosis and the course of the disease. The onset was gait difficulty or postural instability in 9 (56.3%), general motor slowing in 3 (18.8%), and tremor in 2. One case had onset with cognitive decline and 1 as(More)
Synchrotron rapid-scanning X-ray fluorescence (RS-XRF) is employed for the first time to simultaneously map iron, copper, and zinc in the normal cerebellum. The cerebellum is a major repository of metals that are essential to normal function. Therefore, mapping the normal metal distribution is an important first step towards understanding how multiple(More)
Lrrk2 G2019S is predominantly associated with alpha-synuclein-immunopositive Lewy body pathology. We have identified Family SK where Lrrk2 G2019S segregates with slowly progressive parkinsonism and the affected proband has tau-immunopositive neurofibrillary tangle pathology. Thus alpha-synucleinopathy and tauopathy, the predominant pathologies associated(More)
While human immunity is generally thought to protect against infectious agents, there is also evidence for immune surveillance against neoplastic diseases. Some malignant cells are able to evade or down-regulate this immune response through a variety of chemical mediators, rendering the host response ineffective and leading to poor prognoses. Immune(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is by nature a 'sporadic' disease with no evidence of familial aggregation observed. However, the alpha-synuclein locus (SNCA) multiplication families have clinically displayed parkinsonism and autonomic dysfunction. The present study did not find any SNCA multiplications in a series of 58 pathologically confirmed MSA cases(More)
For the first time, synchrotron rapid-scanning X-ray fluorescence (RS-XRF) was used to simultaneously localize and quantify iron, copper, and zinc in spinal cord and brain in a case of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). In the normal medulla, a previously undescribed copper enrichment was seen associated with spinocerebellar fibers and amiculum olivae. This(More)
Clinicogenetic and pathological studies have shown that mutations of the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) are a risk factor for Parkinson's disease and Lewy body disorders. In the present study, we have identified GBA mutations in 6.8% (4/59) of cases with a pathological diagnosis of diffuse Lewy body disease. Taken with previous studies, it appears that GBA(More)