Christopher A Tsu

Learn More
The proteasome was validated as an oncology target following the clinical success of VELCADE (bortezomib) for injection for the treatment of multiple myeloma and recurring mantle cell lymphoma. Consequently, several groups are pursuing the development of additional small-molecule proteasome inhibitors for both hematologic and solid tumor indications. Here,(More)
Genes predicted to be associated with the putative proteasome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) play a critical role in defence of the bacillus against nitrosative stress. However, proteasomes are uncommon in eubacteria and it remains to be established whether Mtb's prcBA genes in fact encode a proteasome. We found that coexpression of recombinant PrcB(More)
The crystal structure of rat anionic trypsin D189G/G226D has been determined in complexes with each of the protein inhibitors APPI (amyloid beta-protein precursor inhibitor domain) and BPTI (bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor) at resolutions of 2.5 A and 2.1 A, respectively. Comparisons with the structure of the bovine trypsin-BPTI complex show that the(More)
Ubiquitin-activating enzyme (UAE or E1) activates ubiquitin via an adenylate intermediate and catalyzes its transfer to a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2). MLN4924 is an adenosine sulfamate analogue that was identified as a selective, mechanism-based inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE), another E1 enzyme, by forming a NEDD8-MLN4924 adduct that(More)
Uca pugilator serine collagenase 1 was cloned and sequenced from a fiddler crab hepatopancreas cDNA library. A full-length sequence encodes a 270-amino acid pre-pro-enzyme highly identical in structure to the chymotrypsin family of serine proteases. The zymogen form of the enzyme was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a fusion with the alpha-factor(More)
The functional and structural consequences of altering the position of the negatively charged aspartate residue at the base of the specificity pocket of trypsin have been examined by site-directed mutagenesis, kinetic characterization and crystallographic analysis. Anionic rat trypsin D189G/G226D exhibits a high level of catalytic activity on activated(More)
The mammalian 26S proteasome is a 2500 kDa multi-catalytic complex involved in intracellular protein degradation. We describe the synthesis and properties of a novel series of non-covalent di-peptide inhibitors of the proteasome based [corrected] on a capped tri-peptide that was first identified by high-throughput screening of a library of approx. 350000(More)
Strains within the genus Salinospora have been shown to produce complex natural products having antibiotic and antiproliferative activities. The biochemical basis for the cytotoxic effects of salinosporamide A has been linked to its ability to inhibit the proteasome. Synthetically accessible salinosporamide A (ML858) was used to determine its biochemical(More)
High molecular weight serpins are members of a large superfamily of structurally conserved proteins that inactivate target proteinases by a suicide substrate-like mechanism. In vertebrates, different clades of serpins distribute predominantly to either the intracellular or extracellular space. Although much is known about the function, structure, and(More)
An elevation in the circulating level of the squamous-cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) can be a poor prognostic indicator in certain types of squamous-cell cancers. Total SCCA in the circulation comprises 2 nearly identical, approximately 45 kDa proteins, SCCA1 and SCCA2. Both proteins are members of the high-molecular weight serine proteinase inhibitor(More)