Christopher A. Siedlecki

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Contact activation of blood factor XII (FXII, Hageman factor) is moderated by the protein composition of the fluid phase in which FXII is dissolved. Solution yield of FXIIa arising from FXII contact with hydrophilic activating particles (fully water-wettable glass) suspended in a protein cocktail is shown to be significantly greater than that obtained under(More)
Staphylococci are among the most important pathogens causing bloodstream infections associated with implanted medical devices. Control of bacterial adhesion to material surfaces is important for prevention of biofilm formation and biomaterial-associated infections. In this study, we hypothesized that submicron (staphylococcal bacterial dimension) surface(More)
This opinion identifies inconsistencies in the generally-accepted surface biophysics involved in contact activation of blood-plasma coagulation, reviews recent experimental work aimed at resolving inconsistencies, and concludes that this standard paradigm requires substantial revision to accommodate new experimental observations. Foremost among these new(More)
An important consideration in developing physical biomimetic cell-stimulating cues is that the in vivo extracellular milieu includes nanoscale topographic interfaces. We investigated nanoscale topography regulation of cell functions using human fetal osteoblastic (hFOB) cell culture on poly(l-lactic acid) and polystyrene (50/50 w/w) demixed nanoscale pit(More)
Biomaterial surface characteristics are critical cues that regulate cell function. We produced a novel series of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and polystyrene demixed nanotopographic films to provide nonbiological cell-stimulating cues. The increase in PLLA weight fraction (phi) in blend solutions resulted in topography changes in spin-cast films from(More)
A principal conclusion drawn from observations of time- and concentration-dependent liquid-vapor (LV) interfacial tension gamma(lv) of a diverse selection of proteins ranging from albumin to ubiquitin spanning nearly three decades in molecular weight (MW) is that concentration scaling substantially alters perception of protein interfacial activity as(More)
Nanoscale cell-substratum interactions are of significant interest in various biomedical applications. We investigated human foetal osteoblastic cell response to randomly distributed nanoisland topography with varying heights (11, 38 and 85 nm) produced by a polystyrene (PS)/polybromostyrene polymer-demixing technique. Cells displayed island-conforming(More)
Molecular recognition imaging by AFM was extended to dual component protein films adsorbed on mica. AFM probes were functionalized by covalently linking polyclonal antibodies against fibrinogen. Adhesion mapping mode of AFM was used to generate both topographic images and adhesion images. The efficacy of the functionalized probes was first established by(More)
Tapping-mode atomic force microscopy was used to study the time-dependent changes in the structure of fibrinogen under aqueous conditions following adsorption on two model surfaces: hydrophobic graphite and hydrophilic mica. Fibrinogen was observed in the characteristic trinodular form, and the dimensions of the adsorbed molecules were consistent with(More)
Thrombosis limits the success of ventricular assist devices as the demand for alternatives to heart transplants is increasing. This study mapped the occurrence of thrombosis in a left ventricular assist system (LVAS) to better understand the biologic response to these devices. Nine calves divided into two groups were implanted with LVAS for 28 to 30 days.(More)