Christopher A Ramsden

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Tyrosinase (EC 1.14.18.1) exhibits unusual kinetic properties in the oxidation of monohydric phenol substrates consisting of a lag period that increases with increasing substrate concentration. The cause of this is an autocatalytic process dependent on the generation of a dihydric phenol substrate, which acts as an activator of the enzyme. Experiments with(More)
Tyrosinase is an enzyme widely distributed in the biosphere. It is one of a group of proteins with a strongly conserved bicopper active centre able to bind molecular oxygen. Tyrosinase manifests two catalytic properties; monooxygenase and oxidase activity. These actions reflect the oxidation states of the active centre. Tyrosinase has four possible(More)
A pulse radiolytic investigation has been conducted to establish whether a redox reaction takes place between dopaquinone and 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI) and its 2-carboxylic acid (DHICA) and to measure the rate constants of the interactions. To obviate possible confounding reactions, such as nucleophilic addition, the method employed to generate dopaquinone(More)
A range of imidazoline derivatives are known to be effective stimulators of insulin secretion, and this response correlates with closure of ATP-sensitive potassium channels in the pancreatic beta-cell. However, mounting evidence indicates that potassium channel blockade may form only part of the mechanism by which imidazolines exert their effects on insulin(More)
Tyrosinase is a copper-containing mono-oxygenase, widely distributed in nature, able to catalyze the oxidation of both phenols and catechols to the corresponding ortho-quinones. Tyrosinase is characterised by a hitherto unexplained irreversible inactivation which occurs during the oxidation of catechols. Although the corresponding catechols are formed(More)
A set of 26 substituted phenols, 10 of which were synthesised in our laboratories, were tested for their rate of oxidation by mushroom tyrosinase in vitro as determined by oximetry and spectrophotometry and for their cytotoxic action in a model system. With one exception (4-hydroxybenzoic acid) all the agents tested were oxidised to the corresponding(More)
The insulin secretagogue activity of certain imidazoline compounds is mediated by a binding site associated with ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels in the pancreatic beta-cell. We describe the effects of a series of structural modifications to efaroxan on its activity at this site. Substitution of amino-, nitro- or azide- groups onto the 5-position of the(More)
When 3,4-dihydroxybenzylcyanide (DBC) is oxidized by mushroom tyrosinase, the first visible product, identified as the corresponding quinomethane, exhibits an absorption maximum at 480 nm. Pulse-radiolysis experiments, in which the o-quinone is formed by disproportionation of semiquinone radicals generated by single-electron oxidation of DBC, showed that(More)
The inactivation of tyrosinase by resorcinol (1,3-dihydroxybenzene) and seventeen simple derivatives has been investigated using combined spectrophotometry and oximetry together with hplc/ms examination of the oxidation products. The results are consistent with a Quintox mechanism, analogous to that proposed for catechol inactivation of tyrosinase, in which(More)