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Elimination of amyloid-ss peptide (Ass) from the brain is poorly understood. After intracerebral microinjections in young mice, (125)I-Ass(1-40) was rapidly removed from the brain (t(1/2) </= 25 minutes), mainly by vascular transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The efflux transport system for Ass(1-40) at the BBB was half saturated at 15.3 nM, and(More)
Most mutations in cancer genomes are thought to be acquired after the initiating event, which may cause genomic instability and drive clonal evolution. However, for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), normal karyotypes are common, and genomic instability is unusual. To better understand clonal evolution in AML, we sequenced the genomes of M3-AML samples with a(More)
A peptide (Manduca sexta allatostatin) that strongly inhibits juvenile hormone biosynthesis in vitro by the corpora allata from fifth-stadium larvae and adult females has been purified from extracts of heads of pharate adult M. sexta by a nine-step purification procedure. The primary structure of this 15-residue peptide has been determined:(More)
Most patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) die from progressive disease after relapse, which is associated with clonal evolution at the cytogenetic level. To determine the mutational spectrum associated with relapse, we sequenced the primary tumour and relapse genomes from eight AML patients, and validated hundreds of somatic mutations using deep(More)
The propagation of electrical signals in excitable cells is orchestrated by a molecular family of voltage-dependent ion channel proteins. These K+, Na+, and Ca++ channels are all composed of four identical or similar units, each containing six transmembrane segments (S1-S6) in a roughly four-fold symmetric structure. The S5-S6 sequences fold into a central(More)
The difficulty of obtaining high-resolution structures of integral membrane proteins has been a frustrating barrier to understanding the membrane-based functions of living cells. The mere handful of such structures stands out in dismal contrast to the cornucopia of water-soluble proteins comprehensible at the atomic level. Nevertheless, crystallographically(More)
To correlate the variable clinical features of oestrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer with somatic alterations, we studied pretreatment tumour biopsies accrued from patients in two studies of neoadjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy by massively parallel sequencing and analysis. Eighteen significantly mutated genes were identified, including five genes(More)
We present a new abductive, probabilistic theory of plan recognition. This model dif­ fers from previous theories in being centered around a model of plan execution: most previous methods have been based on plans as formal objects or on rules describing the recognition process. We show that our new model accounts for phenomena omitted from most previous(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism, cellular proliferation, and differentiation. Numerous xenobiotic and biological compounds are known to interact with AhR, but it remains an orphan receptor, because its physiological ligand is unknown. We identified AhR ligands(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a method enabling human-like, flexible supervisory control via delegation to automation. BACKGROUND Real-time supervisory relationships with automation are rarely as flexible as human task delegation to other humans. Flexibility in human-adaptable automation can provide important benefits, including improved situation awareness, more(More)