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The rate of luminal alkalinization in vitro by Gillichthys mirabilis posterior intestine as measured by a manual pH stat technique was 0.70 +/- 0.05 mu Equiv/cm2 h; acidification of the mucosal medium was never observed. The rate of HCO-3 secretion (JHCO3) was reduced by ouabain, serosally-applied DIDS, removal of serosal HCO3- and replacement of media Cl-(More)
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in fishes, like the CaSRs of tetrapod vertebrates, is a dimeric seven transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptor. The receptor is expressed on the plasma membranes of a variety of tissues and cells where it functions as a sensor of extracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](o)) in the physiological range.(More)
Natriuretic peptides exist in the fishes as a family of structurally-related isohormones including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and ventricular natriuretic peptide (VNP); to date, brain natriuretic peptide (or B-type natriuretic peptide, BNP) has not been definitively identified in the fishes. Based on nucleotide and(More)
The complete cDNA sequence of the tilapia extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) was determined. The transcript length of tilapia CaR (tCaR) is 3.4 kbp and encodes a 940-amino acid, 7-transmembrane domain protein that is consistent in its structural features with known mammalian and piscine CaRs. The tCaR extracellular domain includes a characteristic(More)
The role of the calcium messenger system in the regulation of ion absorption across the teleost intestine was studied using pharmacological intervention. Radiochloride transport was independent of external Ca2+ over the range 10 microM to 2.5 mM. Treatment with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 (to hyperpolarization of the apical membrane potential of intestinal(More)
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) serves an important detector function in vertebrate Ca(2+) homeostasis. In this study, we surveyed using immunohistochemistry the tissue and cellular distribution of the CaSR protein in the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica). Specifically, we examined(More)
The columnar cell epithelium of the euryhaline goby (Gillichthys mirabilis) urinary bladder actively absorbs NaCl from the lumen, thereby driving water transport and reducing water loss to the hypertonic external environment. Transcellular transport of Cl- involves apical membrane entry via Na(+)-coupled cotransport driven by the Na+ electrochemical(More)
A technique is described for the measurement of cytoplasmic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c) in a suspension of goby intestinal epithelial cells using the fluorescent probe quin2. For 18 cell suspensions, [Ca2+]c was determined to be 142 +/- 14 nM. The caudal neurosecretory peptide urotensin II at 10(-7) to 10(-6) M concentration reduced [Ca2+]c by(More)
The intestine is a major osmoregulatory organ in euryhaline fishes which allows them to survive in the sea, and natriuretic peptides have been implicated in regulation of transmural transport. Atrial (ANP) and ventricular natriuretic peptide (VNP) were identified in eel intestine. Elution profiles of ANP and VNP from high-performance liquid chromatography(More)