Christopher A. Loretz

Learn More
The rate of luminal alkalinization in vitro byGillichthys mirabilis posterior intestine as measured by a manual pH stat technique was 0.70±0.05 μEquiv/cm2 h; acidification of the mucosal medium was never observed. The rate of HCO 3 − secretion (J HCO 3) was reduced by ouabain, serosally-applied DIDS, removal of serosal HCO 3 − and replacement of media Cl−(More)
Natriuretic peptides exist in the fishes as a family of structurally-related isohormones including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and ventricular natriuretic peptide (VNP); to date, brain natriuretic peptide (or B-type natriuretic peptide, BNP) has not been definitively identified in the fishes. Based on nucleotide and(More)
Transport characteristics of the two epithelial cell types lining the urinary bladder of the goby can be studied in Ussing-type chambers. Cuboidal cell regions from seawater- and 5% seawater-acclimated fish exhibit little mucosal-to-serosal Na or Cl transport. In contrast, columnar cell regions from both seawater- and 5% seawater-acclimated fish transport(More)
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in fishes, like the CaSRs of tetrapod vertebrates, is a dimeric seven transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptor. The receptor is expressed on the plasma membranes of a variety of tissues and cells where it functions as a sensor of extracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](o)) in the physiological range.(More)
The intestine of euryhaline teleosts is an important osmoregulatory organ which actively absorbs Na, G~ and water from the lumen. This ion-transporting epithelium experiences a variety of physical stimuli resulting from variations in luminal osmolality and distension and from peristaltic contractions. Using patchclamp techniques in the inside-out(More)
The complete cDNA sequence of the tilapia extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) was determined. The transcript length of tilapia CaR (tCaR) is 3.4 kbp and encodes a 940-amino acid, 7-transmembrane domain protein that is consistent in its structural features with known mammalian and piscine CaRs. The tCaR extracellular domain includes a characteristic(More)
An anion channel was isolated, using patch-clamp technique, from the basolateral membrane of goby intestinal epithelial cells. Single-channel conductance varied over a range from 20 to 90 pS. The channel was voltage-gated over the physiological range of cell membrane potential with depolarization increasing the proportion of time in the open state. There(More)
The role of the calcium messenger system in the regulation of ion absorption across the teleost intestine was studied using pharmacological intervention. Radiochloride transport was independent of external Ca2+ over the range 10 microM to 2.5 mM. Treatment with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 (to hyperpolarization of the apical membrane potential of intestinal(More)