Christopher A Halfpenny

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BACKGROUND Given the presence of neural progenitor cells (NPC) in the retina of other species capable of differentiating into multiple neural components, the authors report the presence of NPC in the adult human retina. A resident population of NPC suggests that the retina may constitutively replace neurons, photoreceptors, and glia. METHODS Adult human(More)
Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells are the glia principally responsible for the synthesis and maintenance of myelin. Damage may occur to these cells in a number of conditions, but perhaps the most studied are the idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating diseases, multiple sclerosis in the CNS, and Guillain-Barré syndrome and its variants in the peripheral(More)
A decade ago, therapeutic strategies to remyelinate the CNS in diseases such as multiple sclerosis had much experimental appeal, but translation of laboratory success into clinical treatments appeared to be a long way off. Within the past 12 months, however, the first patients with multiple sclerosis have received intracerebral implants of autologous(More)
Limited intrinsic myelin repair occurs in multiple sclerosis (MS), mediated by oligodendrocyte progenitors that divide and migrate into demyelinated lesions. Experimental remyelination suggests that this repair restores function and may protect axons from subsequent degeneration. Immunomodulatory drugs such as corticosteroids, interferon-beta and(More)
Glial precursor cells (GPCs) are present in the adult human central nervous system (CNS) and they can be isolated and maintained in culture for in vitro studies. This study analysed expression of mGluR3 and mGluR5 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) mRNAs in GPCs. A2B5 surface antigen positive GPCs were isolated using immunomagnetic selection from(More)
Multiple sclerosis presents particular and serious problems to those attempting to develop cell-based therapies: the occurrence of innumerable lesions scattered throughout the CNS, axon loss, astrocytosis, and a continuing inflammatory process, to name but a few. Nevertheless, the limited and relatively focused nature of damage to oligodendrocytes and(More)
Stem cells are widely believed to have significant potential in the treatment of human disease. Comments such as '[stem cells]...could prove the Holy Grail in finding treatments for cancer, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, spinal cord injuries, Alzheimer's disease, leukaemia and multiple sclerosis...transform[ing] the lives of hundreds of(More)
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