Christopher A. Dawson

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When a liquid is instilled in the pulmonary airways during medical therapy, the method of instillation affects the liquid distribution throughout the lung. To investigate the fluid transport dynamics, exogenous surfactant (Survanta) mixed with a radiopaque tracer is instilled into tracheae of vertical, excised rat lungs (ventilation 40 breaths/min, 4 ml(More)
We measured the pulmonary venous concentration vs. time curves for [3H]alfentanil, [14C]lidocaine, and [3H]codeine after the bolus injection of each of these lipophilic amine compounds (LAC) and a vascular-reference indicator (fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran) into the pulmonary artery of isolated perfused rabbit lungs. A range of flows and perfusate(More)
Liquid can be instilled into the pulmonary airways during medical procedures such as surfactant replacement therapy, partial liquid ventilation, and pulmonary drug delivery. For all cases, understanding the dynamics of liquid distribution in the lung will increase the efficacy of treatment. A recently developed imaging technique for the study of real-time(More)
In this paper we present two methods which can be used to numerically deconvolve indicator dilution curves to obtain vascular transport functions. In the first method, direct algebraic deconvolution is made stable and practical by the damped least squares method. The second method involves a time-shift of the output curve which is based on the first and(More)
The objective of this study was to develop an X-ray computed tomographic method for measuring pulmonary arterial dimensions and locations within the intact rat lung. Lungs were removed from rats and their pulmonary arterial trees were filled with perfluorooctyl bromide to enhance X-ray absorbance. The lungs were rotated within the cone of the X-ray beam(More)
The first pass uptake of fentanyl, meperidine, and morphine in human lung was studied in patients using a double indicator dilution technique. A bolus containing one of the drugs and indocyanine green dye (ICG) was rapidly injected into the central venous catheter of patients prior to anesthesia for surgery. Sequential arterial blood samples were collected(More)
The kinetics of the pulmonary endothelial uptake of serotonin (5-HT) were evaluated in isolated dog lung lobes using three methods. In method A serotonin was infused at various constant rates to provide a range of capillary concentrations that included Km. The arterial and venous concentrations measured by high-performance liquid chromatography were then(More)
The first-pass uptake of verapamil, diazepam, and thiopental in the human lung was determined using multiple-indicator dilution techniques. These three drugs represent lipid-soluble agents that differ in their ionic characteristics at physiological pH. Verapamil, a basic lipophilic amine, underwent significant uptake, with 50% of the drug accumulating in(More)
We have attempted to evaluate some approaches for estimating pulmonary capillary pressure from the transient pressure data obtained from the tip of the Swanz-Ganz catheter after inflation of the balloon. To this end experiments were carried out in anesthetized dogs in which pulmonary vasoconstriction was induced by infusion of histamine, serotonin, or(More)