Christopher A. Carne

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Human T-lymphotropic virus type III (LAV, HTLV-III) is aetiologically linked to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and persistent general lymphadenopathy (PGL). Specific radioimmunoassays (RIA), enzyme-linked assays, immunofluorescence assays (IFA) and immunoblotting techniques are being used widely to detect serum antibodies to HTLV-III in infected(More)
Acute encephalopathy was associated with the appearance of antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-III) in two patients. A third patient showed seroconversion for anti-HTLV-III, but the temporal association was not established so precisely. The illness was characterised by a prodromal period of up to 2 weeks, characterised by pyrexia, general(More)
The causal agent of Kaposi's sarcoma is unknown. That the disorder is ten times more common in homosexual or bisexual men with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) than in other human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission groups suggests that a certain aspect of their behaviour exposes them to the agent or facilitates its spread. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND The real-time monitoring of polynucleotide amplification is at the core of most molecular assays. This conventionally relies on fluorescent detection of the amplicon produced, requiring complex and costly hardware, often restricting it to specialised laboratories. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here we report the first real-time, closed-tube luminescent(More)
Sequential sera from 48 subjects infected with human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-I) were examined over 36 months for the presence of neutralising antibodies, and for specific anti-gag (p24) and anti-env (gp41) antibodies to HIV-I. Results were interpreted in terms of clinical outcome during the period 1982/3 to 1985/6. HIV-I-infected subjects who(More)
The prevalence of antibody against human immunodeficiency virus (anti-HIV), which rose among British homosexual/bisexual men attending a London sexually-transmitted-disease clinic from 3.7% (4/107) in March, 1982, to 21% (26/124) in July, 1984, was 18.1% (17/94) in April/May 1985, 24.5% (61/249) in January, 1986, and 25.3% (25/99) in November/December,(More)
The prevalence of antibody to HTLV-III has increased from 3.7% (4/107) amongst unselected British homosexual men attending a London sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic during one week in March, 1982, to 21% (26/124) in those attending during one week in July, 1984. Seropositive men had a significantly higher prevalence of infection with hepatitis B(More)
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