Christopher A Birt

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the burden of cardiovascular disease within 15 European Union countries (before the 2004 enlargement) as a result of excess dietary saturated fats attributable to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). METHODS A spreadsheet model was developed to synthesize data on population, diet, cholesterol levels and mortality rates. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of soy protein and isoflavones on blood pressure (BP) and cholesterol levels among high risk middle-aged Scottish men. DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group dietary intervention study SETTING Inhabitants on Isles of Lewis and Harris in Scotland SUBJECTS Sixty-one men with relatively(More)
To investigate the effects of daily supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on coronary heart disease risks in 38 middle-aged men with hypertension and/or hypercholesterolemia in Scotland, a five-week double-blind placebo-controlled dietary supplementation with either 2 g of DHA or active placebo (1 g of olive oil) was conducted. Percent composition(More)
Public health (PH) organizations in different parts of the world (such as North America) have recently been seeking to define competencies relevant to PH practice. The Association of Schools of PH in the European Region (ASPHER) has initiated a programme to produce a European PH competency framework. ASPHER invited all member schools to participate in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To develop functional foods which are capable of reducing key risk factors for coronary heart disease in an at risk population. The specific hypothesis tested here was that providing bread, cracker biscuits and snack bars fortified with DHA (long-chain omega 3) and soya-protein would havd a positive impact on cholesterol and blood(More)
BACKGROUND Article 129 of the Treaty of Rome (as amended at Maastricht) gave new powers to the European Union (EU) institutions to develop and implement public health programmes at EU level. The authors were invited by the cabinet of Commissioner Flynn to assist the Commission by developing new policy proposals in certain specific areas. METHODS The(More)
Background Ageing imposes extra financial burdens on social and health services in developed countries. Self-rated health (SRH) is considered to be both a reliable measurement of overall health status including morbidity and mortality and an important predictor of hospitalization, functional impairment and greater demand for health-care services in the(More)
In response to, and support of the Editorial by Pekka Puska in the August 2007 edition of the Journal (Health in all Policies. European Journal of Public Health 2007;17(4):328), this article describes the Heart of Mersey (HoM) cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention programme, which aims to improve the health of the local population by tackling inequalities(More)
Background With a growing proportion of the European population living in urban areas (UAs), exploring health in urban areas becomes increasingly important. The objective of this study is to assess the magnitude of differences in health and health behaviour between adults living in urban areas (UAs) across Europe. We also explored whether and to what extent(More)