Christophe Vieu

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Podosomes are unique cellular entities specifically found in macrophages and involved in cell-matrix interactions, matrix degradation, and 3D migration. They correspond to a core of F-actin surrounded at its base by matrix receptors. To investigate the structure/function relationships of podosomes, soft lithography, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and(More)
Interaction between differentiating neural stem cells and the extracellular environment guides the establishment of cell polarity during nervous system development. Developing neurons read the physical properties of the local substrate in a contact-dependent manner and retrieve essential guidance cues. To restore damage brain area by tissue engineering, the(More)
Podosomes are adhesion structures formed in monocyte-derived cells. They are F-actin-rich columns perpendicular to the substrate surrounded by a ring of integrins. Here, to measure podosome protrusive forces, we designed an innovative experimental setup named protrusion force microscopy (PFM), which consists in measuring by atomic force microscopy the(More)
In order to isolate pre-beta 1 HDL, we have focused our interest on a particular model, namely, human preovulatory follicular fluid, which contains only HDL as a lipoprotein class as well as a high proportion of pre-beta 1 HDL relative to total HDL (1.5 times more than in homologous plasma) as evidenced by double-dimension gel electrophoresis. Apo A-I in(More)
The main goal of this paper is to probe mechanical properties of living and dead bacteria via atomic force microscopy (AFM) indentation experimentations. Nevertheless, the prerequisite for bioAFM study is the adhesion of the biological sample on a surface. Although AFM has now been used in microbiology for 20 years, the immobilization of micro-organisms is(More)
Pneumocystosis-related surfactant changes have been reported in both humans and corticosteroid-treated experimental hosts. As corticosteroids induce an increase in pulmonary surfactant, some findings could be considered as controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the surfactant composition changes during experimental pneumocystosis(More)
High density lipoprotein subfractions with a pre-beta migration play a key role in the reverse cholesterol transport. The origin of these particles is not yet clearly defined. We propose to verify a possible origin of these particles during the catabolism of high density lipoprotein2 (HDL2) by hepatic lipase using two different models. A rat liver perfusion(More)
Glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-enriched membrane microdomains, called rafts, can be isolated from several mammalian cells, including platelets. These microdomains appear to play a critical role in signal transduction in several hematopoietic cells, but their function in blood platelets remains unknown. Herein, we first characterized the lipid(More)
In the preovulatory period, follicular fluid contains only HDL. Biochemical characterization of such lipoproteins showed that follicular fluid HDLs were cholesterol-poor particles compared with serum HDLs, whereas the amount of phospholipids, expressed as percent weight, was significantly higher in follicular fluid HDLs (28.5%) than in serum HDLs (25.0%, P(More)
Cell-free protein synthesis is becoming a serious alternative to cell-based protein expression. Cell-free systems can deliver large amounts of cytoplasmic recombinant proteins after a few hours of incubation. Recent studies have shown that membrane proteins can be also expressed in cell-free reactions and directly inserted into phospholipid membranes. In(More)