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In order to isolate pre-beta 1 HDL, we have focused our interest on a particular model, namely, human preovulatory follicular fluid, which contains only HDL as a lipoprotein class as well as a high proportion of pre-beta 1 HDL relative to total HDL (1.5 times more than in homologous plasma) as evidenced by double-dimension gel electrophoresis. Apo A-I in(More)
In the preovulatory period, follicular fluid contains only HDL. Biochemical characterization of such lipoproteins showed that follicular fluid HDLs were cholesterol-poor particles compared with serum HDLs, whereas the amount of phospholipids, expressed as percent weight, was significantly higher in follicular fluid HDLs (28.5%) than in serum HDLs (25.0%, P(More)
Glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-enriched membrane microdomains, called rafts, can be isolated from several mammalian cells, including platelets. These microdomains appear to play a critical role in signal transduction in several hematopoietic cells, but their function in blood platelets remains unknown. Herein, we first characterized the lipid(More)
The main goal of this paper is to probe mechanical properties of living and dead bacteria via atomic force microscopy (AFM) indentation experimentations. Nevertheless, the prerequisite for bioAFM study is the adhesion of the biological sample on a surface. Although AFM has now been used in microbiology for 20 years, the immobilization of micro-organisms is(More)
High density lipoprotein subfractions with a pre-beta migration play a key role in the reverse cholesterol transport. The origin of these particles is not yet clearly defined. We propose to verify a possible origin of these particles during the catabolism of high density lipoprotein2 (HDL2) by hepatic lipase using two different models. A rat liver perfusion(More)
The role of hepatic triacylglycerol lipase (H-TGL) in promoting the liver uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) free and esterified cholesterol was studied in a recirculating rat liver perfusion, a situation where the enzyme is physiologically expressed and is active at the vascular bed. For this purpose, reconstituted HDL of defined phospholipid(More)
We have investigated the presence of diacylglycerols in lipoproteins and especially in HDL. Lipoprotein diacylglycerols are very difficult to isolate and to quantify using classical enzymatic techniques, as they are measured in the presence of triacylglycerols and monoacylglycerols. Using a rapid and very sensitive method of gas-liquid chromatography,(More)
Podosomes are unique cellular entities specifically found in macrophages and involved in cell-matrix interactions, matrix degradation, and 3D migration. They correspond to a core of F-actin surrounded at its base by matrix receptors. To investigate the structure/function relationships of podosomes, soft lithography, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and(More)
Interaction between differentiating neural stem cells and the extracellular environment guides the establishment of cell polarity during nervous system development. Developing neurons read the physical properties of the local substrate in a contact-dependent manner and retrieve essential guidance cues. To restore damage brain area by tissue engineering, the(More)
With the ever increasing incidence of brain injury, developing new tissue engineering strategies to promote neural tissue regeneration is an enormous challenge. The goal of this study was to design and evaluate an implantable scaffold capable of directing neurite and axonal growth for neuronal brain tissue regeneration. We have previously shown in cell(More)