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Adult human and rodent brains contain neural stem and progenitor cells, and the presence of neural stem cells in the adult rodent spinal cord has also been described. Here, using electron microscopy, expression of neural precursor cell markers, and cell culture, we investigated whether neural precursor cells are also present in adult human spinal cord. In(More)
In vitro antimalarial activity tests play a pivotal role in malaria drug research or for monitoring drug resistance in field isolates. We applied two isotopic tests, two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and the SYBR green I fluorescence-based assay, to test artesunate and chloroquine, the metabolic inhibitors atovaquone and pyrimethamine, our(More)
The proliferation of the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum within the erythrocyte is concomitant with massive phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis. Based on pharmacological and genetic data, de novo biosynthesis pathways of both phospholipids appear to be essential for parasite survival. The present study characterizes(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Choline analogues, a new type of antimalarials, exert potent in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity. This has given rise to albitiazolium, which is currently in phase II clinical trials to cure severe malaria. Here we dissected its mechanism of action step by step from choline entry into the infected erythrocyte to its effect on(More)
Malaria, one of the three most important life-threatening infectious diseases, is recommended to be treated with ACT (artemisinin combination therapy) against which Plasmodium falciparum already displayed resistance. Two artemisinin-4-amino-quinoline hybrid-dimers (1 and 2), previously synthesized, possessed low nanomolar in vitro antiplasmodial activity,(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to be highly involved in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation during adulthood, playing an important role in homeostasis maintenance. The present study aimed to determine the involvement of BDNF in HPA axis activity under basal and stress conditions via partial inhibition of this endogenous(More)
Neurospheres (NSs) are clonal cellular aggregates composed of neural stem cells and progenitors. A comprehensive description of their proliferation and differentiation regulation is an essential prerequisite for their use in biotherapies. Cytokines are essential molecules regulating cell precursor fate. Using a gene-array strategy, we conducted a(More)
Because Plasmodium falciparum displays increase tolerance against the recommended artemisinin combination therapies (ACT), new classes of anti-malarial drugs are urgently required. Previously synthesized artemisinin-aminoquinoline hybrids were evaluated to ascertain whether the potent low nanomolar in vitro anti-plasmodial activity would carry over in vivo(More)
Bis-thiazolium salts are able to inhibit phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in Plasmodium and to block parasite proliferation in the low nanomolar range. However, due to their physicochemical properties (i.e., permanent cationic charges, the flexibility, and lipophilic character of the alkyl chain), the oral bioavailability of these compounds is low. New(More)
Albitiazolium is the lead compound of bis-thiazolium choline analogues and exerts powerful in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activities. Here we provide new insight into the fate of albitiazolium in vivo in mice and how it exerts its pharmacological activity. We show that the drug exhibits a rapid and potent activity and has very favorable pharmacokinetic(More)