Christophe Sirac

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Renal Fanconi syndrome (FS) is a generalized dysfunction of proximal tubular epithelial cells leading to the urinary leak of essential metabolites like phosphate, uric acid, glucose, amino acids and low molecular weight proteins. From inherited forms involving mutations on apparently unrelated genes to acquired forms induced by drugs, heavy metals or(More)
Random V(D)J junctions would generate nonfunctional and/or out-of-frame sequences in about two-thirds of cases and result in abundant transcripts encoding truncated proteins. Although allelic exclusion at the DNA recombination level ensures that a single allele is functional, the frequent biallelic rearrangements need additional mechanisms to down-regulate(More)
Random V(D)J junctions ensure that the diversity of the Ig primary repertoire is adapted to the vast heterogeneity of Ags. In two-thirds of cases, recombination between variable segments induces a frameshift in the open reading frame and generates a premature termination codon. In B cells harboring biallelic V(D)J rearrangement of Ig genes, transcription is(More)
Fanconi's syndrome (FS) is a disorder of sodium-dependent proximal tubule reabsorption, which may complicate plasma cell disorders producing a free monoclonal light chain (LC). FS often occurs in the setting of smoldering myeloma and features cytoplasmic crystalline inclusions of monoclonal kappa LC in proximal tubular cells and malignant plasma cells.(More)
Acquired Fanconi syndrome (FS) is a complication of monoclonal gammopathies featuring a generalized dysfunction of the proximal tubule of the kidney, due to the storage within proximal tubular cells of a monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain. We engineered transgenic mice in which the endogenous mouse Jkappa cluster was replaced by a human VkappaJkappa(More)
Sequentially along B cell differentiation, the different classes of membrane Ig heavy chains associate with the Ig alpha/Ig beta heterodimer within the B cell receptor (BCR). Whether each Ig class conveys specific signals adapted to the corresponding differentiation stage remains debated. We investigated the impact of the forced expression of an IgA-class(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) genes naturally acquire frequent premature termination codons during the error-prone V(D)J recombination process. Although B cell differentiation is linked to the expression of productive Ig alleles, the transcriptional status of nonfunctionally recombined alleles remains unclear. Here, we tracked transcription and posttranscriptional(More)
Mice in which the Jkappa cluster was replaced with a VkappaJkappa rearranged gene were studied. More than 90% of B cells from homozygous mutant mice expressed the transgenic kappa chain but showed a slightly reduced level of kappa transcripts compared with WT B lymphocytes. Light chain inclusion was apparent in 10% of B cells from these mice and raised 25%(More)
Renal failure remains a principal cause of morbidity for patients with multiple myeloma. Once reversible factors such as hypercalcemia have been corrected, the most common cause of severe renal failure in these patients is a tubulointerstitial pathology that results from the very high circulating concentrations of monoclonal immunoglobulin free light(More)
Lymphocytes and plasma cells are major actors of the adaptive immune response and can rightly be considered as human health keepers. However, recombination and mutation events occurring at high rate in the B cell lineage also expose these cells to gene alterations, potentially resulting in uncontrolled and life-threatening cell proliferation. Although in(More)