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Transcobalamin (TC) is the plasma transporter that delivers vitamin B(12) to cells. We have already reported that HT-29 and Caco-2 cells secrete different TC variants. HT-29 secretes 2 TC isoproteins (codon 259-Pro/Arg [259-P/R]), exhibiting unequal concentrations (TC 259-P > TC 259-R), and Caco-2 cells only secrete the phenotype 259-R. We investigated the(More)
In response to infection or inflammation, individuals develop a set of symptoms referred to as sickness behavior, which includes a decrease in food intake. The characterization of the molecular mechanisms underlying this hypophagia remains critical, because chronic anorexia may represent a significant health risk. Prostaglandins (PGs) constitute an(More)
OBJECTIVE Although most studies have focused on the cholesterol-lowering activity of stigmasterol, other bioactivities have been ascribed to this plant sterol compound, one of which is a potential anti-inflammatory effect. To investigate the effects of stigmasterol, a plant sterol, on the inflammatory mediators and metalloproteinases produced by(More)
The coding sequence of type II phospholipase A2 from human placenta was cloned in a bovine papilloma virus-derived eukaryotic expression vector under the control of the metallothionein promoter. Stably transfected C127 mouse fibroblast lines were obtained with this vector. These transfected cells overexpressed a functional 14 kDa phospholipase A2, which was(More)
OBJECTIVES In osteoarthritis (OA), mechanical factors play a key role, not only in cartilage degradation, but also in subchondral bone sclerosis. The aim of this study was to develop on original compression model for studying the effect of mechanical stress on osteoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS We investigate the effects of compression on primary calvaria(More)
OBJECTIVE Avocado-Soybean Unsaponifiables (ASU) represent one of the most commonly used drugs for symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA). The mechanisms of its activities are still poorly understood. We investigate here the effects of ASU on signaling pathways in mouse or human chondrocytes. METHODS Mouse or human chondrocytes stimulated with interleukin-1beta(More)
Secreted type IIA phospholipase A(2), which is involved in arachidonic acid release, is abundantly produced by chondrocytes and secreted in the synovial fluids of patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis. Transfection experiments showed that interleukin-1beta stimulates the phospholipase A(2) [-1614; +20] promoter activity by 6-7-fold and that the [-210;(More)
To identify the elements which regulate the liver transcription of the human type II phospholipase A2 gene and its stimulation by interleukin 6, the 5' flanking region from -1614 to +806 and several 3' and 5' deleted fragments have been analyzed in CAT assays. Negative regulatory elements have been located in the regions -1614 to -326 and +20 to +806. The(More)
We have previously shown that the promoter of the type IIa secreted phospholipase A2 gene contains a strong positive regulatory proximal element [-125 to -85] element B. Mutation of this element abolishes the activation of the phospholipase A2 promoter by C/EBPbeta in HepG2 cells. Liver nuclear proteins form three major and two minor complexes with this(More)
We previously reported that the type II secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) promoter from positions (-326 to +20) ([-326;+20] promoter) is negatively regulated by two adjacent regulatory elements, C (-210 to -176) and D (-247 to -210). This study examines in greater detail the way in which this negative regulation operates. Successive 5' deletions of the(More)