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The relationships between symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) activity and C fluxes were investigated in pea plants (Pisum sativum L. cv. Baccara) using simultaneous 13C and 15N labelling. Analysis of the dynamics of labelled CO2 efflux from the nodulated roots allowed the different components associated with SNF activity to be calculated, together with root(More)
Detailed information has arisen from research at gene and cell levels, but it is still incomplete in the context of a quantitative understanding of whole plant physiology. Because of their integrative nature, process-based simulation models can help to bridge the gap between genotype and phenotype and assist in deconvoluting genotype-by-environment (GxE)(More)
A better knowledge of the nitrogen nutrition of Medicago truncatula at the whole plant level and its modulation by environmental factors is a crucial step to reach a complete understanding of legume nitrogen nutrition. This study was based on the symbiotic system that is the most commonly used by the research community (M. truncatula cv. Jemalong A17 x(More)
Plant and soil types are usually considered as the two main drivers of the rhizosphere microbial communities. The aim of this work was to study the effect of both N availability and plant genotype on the plant associated rhizosphere microbial communities, in relation to the nutritional strategies of the plant-microbe interactions, for six contrasted(More)
Medicago truncatula is used as a model plant for exploring the genetic and molecular determinants of nitrogen (N) nutrition in legumes. In this study, our aim was to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling plant N nutrition using a simple framework of carbon/N plant functioning stemming from crop physiology. This framework was based on efficiency(More)
N rhizodeposition by legumes leads to enrichment of N in soils and in companion plants. N rhizodeposition can be divided into two major components, root exudation and root senescence. Our aim was to quantify N root exudation in white clover (Trifolium repens L.) through an estimation of short-term N rhizodeposition and to assess its impact on N transfer to(More)
Climate change is forecasted to induce more drought stress events. Water scarcity is already the most limiting abiotic stress for crop production. With higher food demand, there is a need for sustainable solutions to cope with the loss of productivity due to water stress. It is known that plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can colonize plant roots(More)
To assess how plant genotype and rhizosphere bacterial communities may interact, the genetic structure and diversity of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere soil of different Medicago truncatula genotypes were studied in relation to the plant carbon and nitrogen nutrition at the whole plant level. The genetic structure and diversity of plant-associated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Legume nitrogen is derived from two different sources, symbiotically fixed atmospheric N(2) and soil N. The effect of genetic variability of root and nodule establishment on N acquisition and seed protein yield was investigated under field conditions in pea (Pisum sativum). In addition, these parameters were related to the variability in(More)
Legumes are major plants for sustainable agriculture because legumes fix atmospheric N2 in symbiosis with soil bacteria. Previous investigations have attempted to increase N2 fixation by creating hypernodulating mutants for several legume species. However, such genetic mutation has failed to increase symbiotic fixation because hypernodulation is usually(More)