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Genomic triplication of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) has been reported to cause hereditary early-onset parkinsonism with dementia. These findings prompted us to screen for multiplication of the SNCA locus in nine families in whom parkinsonism segregates as an autosomal dominant trait. One kindred was identified with SNCA duplication by semiquantitative(More)
The AML1 gene, situated in 21q22, is often rearranged in acute leukemias through t(8;21) translocation, t(12;21) translocation, or less often t(3;21) translocation. Recently, point mutations in the Runt domain of the AML1 gene have also been reported in leukemia patients. Observations for mutations of the Runt domain of the AML1 gene in bone marrow cells(More)
Mutations of the ten eleven translocation 2 gene (TET2) have recently been reported in myelodysplastic syndrome and myeloproliferative neoplasms. We analyzed the incidence and prognostic value of TET2 point mutations and other genomic alterations by direct sequencing and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray analysis in 111 de novo acute myeloid(More)
Among cytogenetic studies of patients affected with myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM), a rare chronic myeloproliferative disorder, we found several reports of structural abnormalities of the long arm of chromosome 12. Two MMM patients had a balanced translocation involving 12q: t(4;12)(q32;q15) and t(5;12)(p14;q15), respectively. FISH(More)
Mutations of the AML1 gene are frequent molecular abnormalities in minimally differentiated acute myeloblastic leukemia (M0 AML), a rare type of AML. In this retrospective multicenter study, morphologic, immunophenotypical, cytogenetic, and molecular features of 59 de novo M0 AML cases were analyzed and correlated to AML1 mutations. Point mutations of AML1(More)
BACKGROUND Bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) proteins are chromatin readers that preferentially affect the transcription of genes with super-enhancers, including oncogenes. BET proteins bind acetylated histone tails via their bromodomain, bringing the elongation complex to the promoter region. OTX015 (MK-8628) specifically binds to BRD2, BRD3, and BRD4,(More)
Bing-Neel syndrome (BNS), a rare neurological syndrome associated with Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM), is a direct involvement of the central nervous system by lymphoplasmacytoid cells characterized with an adverse prognostic. The MYD88 L265P mutation has been identified in the vast majority of patients with WM. The diagnosis of BNS is often(More)
V(D)J recombinations in lymphocytes are essential for immunological diversity. They are also useful markers of pathologies. In leukemia, they are used to quantify the minimal residual disease during patient follow-up. However, the full breadth of lymphocyte diversity is not fully understood. We propose new algorithms that process high-throughput sequencing(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease. Even within the same NPM1-mutated genetic subgroup, some patients harbor additional mutations in FLT3, IDH1/2, DNMT3A or TET2. Recent studies have shown the prognostic significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) in AML but it remains to be determined which molecular markers are the most suitable(More)