Christophe Rodriguez

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Molecular biology techniques are routinely used to diagnose and monitor treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. These tools can detect and quantify viral genomes and analyze their sequence to determine their genotype or subtype and to identify nucleotide or amino acid substitutions associated with(More)
Accurate hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA quantification is mandatory for the management of chronic hepatitis C therapy. The first-generation Cobas AmpliPrep/Cobas TaqMan HCV test (CAP/CTM HCV) underestimated HCV RNA levels by >1-log10 international units/ml in a number of patients infected with HCV genotype 4 and occasionally failed to detect it. The aim of(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis B virus (HBV) resistance to nucleoside/nucleotide analogs is frequent. Ultra-deep pyrosequencing (UDPS) is a powerful new tool that can detect minor viral variants and characterize complex quasispecies mixtures. We used UDPS to analyze the dynamics of adefovir-resistant HBV variants in patients with chronic HBV infection in whom(More)
OBJECTIVES Resistant minority variants present before ART can be a source of virological failure. This has been shown for NRTIs, NNRTIs and CCR5 inhibitors. However, very few data are available for the detection of such minority resistant variants that could be selected at virological failure and not detected using classical Sanger sequencing. METHODS We(More)
I can hardly share the passionate enthusiasm of Breuhahn et al. for the ‘‘dramatic’’ improvements in understanding of molecular pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the claim for ‘‘further rationally designed clinical trials based on molecular evidence’’. Among the causes of HCC, they cite aflatoxins and hemochromatosis but failed, as too many(More)
We report two cases in which Cryptococcus laurentii was isolated from surgically resected pulmonary lesions but the cryptococcal cells is tissue reacted positively with a specific fluorescent antibody (FA) conjugate for Cryptococcus neoformans. Both patients had no apparent host defense defects. In both cases, multiple cryptococcal isolates were obtained(More)
UNLABELLED In patients with hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B, adefovir dipivoxil administration selects variants bearing reverse transcriptase rtN236T and/or rtA181V/T substitutions in 29% of cases after 5 years. The aim of this study was to characterize the dynamics of adefovir-resistant variant populations during adefovir monotherapy in(More)
Some cases of fungal infection remained undiagnosed, especially when the pathogens are uncommon, require specific conditions for in vitro growth, or when several microbial species are present in the specimen. Ultra-Deep Sequencing (UDS) could be considered as a precise tool in the identification of involved pathogens in order to upgrade patient treatment.(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of minority resistant variants (MRVs) at baseline and their impact on the virological response. The ANRS 139 TRIO trial evaluated the combination of raltegravir, etravirine and darunavir, plus an optimized background therapy, in 87% of cases. Patients were highly experienced and harboured multiresistant viruses, but were(More)
BACKGROUND Maraviroc is an HIV entry inhibitor that alters the conformation of CCR5 and is poorly efficient in patients infected by viruses that use CXCR4 as an entry coreceptor. The goal of this study was to assess the capacity of ultra-deep pyrosequencing (UDPS) and different data analysis approaches to characterize HIV tropism at baseline and predict the(More)