Christophe Perez

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Xeroderma pigmentosum is a monogenic disease characterized by hypersensitivity to ultraviolet light. The cells of xeroderma pigmentosum patients are defective in nucleotide excision repair, limiting their capacity to eliminate ultraviolet-induced DNA damage, and resulting in a strong predisposition to develop skin cancers. The use of rare cutting DNA(More)
The ability to specifically engineer the genome of living cells at precise locations using rare-cutting designer endonucleases has broad implications for biotechnology and medicine, particularly for functional genomics, transgenics and gene therapy. However, the potential impact of chromosomal context and epigenetics on designer endonuclease-mediated genome(More)
Meganucleases are sequence-specific endonucleases which recognize large (>12 bp) target sites in living cells and can stimulate homologous gene targeting by a 1000-fold factor at the cleaved locus. We have recently described a combinatorial approach to redesign the I-CreI meganuclease DNA-binding interface, in order to target chosen sequences. However,(More)
The last decade has seen the emergence of a universal method for precise and efficient genome engineering. This method relies on the use of sequence-specific endonucleases such as homing endonucleases. The structures of several of these proteins are known, allowing for site-directed mutagenesis of residues essential for DNA binding. Here, we show that a(More)
Double-strand break (DSB)-induced homologous recombination (HR) of direct repeats is a powerful means to achieve gene excision, a critical step in genome engineering. In this report we have used an extrachrmosomal reporter system to monitor the impact of different parameters on meganuclease-induced HR in CHO-K1 cells. We found that repeat homology length is(More)
Production of the two mRNAs encoding distinct forms of 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase depends on processing that involves the recognition of alternative poly(A) sites and an internal 5'-splice site located within the first 3'-terminal exon. The resulting 1.6- and 1.8-kb mRNAs are expressed in fibroblast cell lines, whereas lymphoblastoid B cells, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Sequence-specific endonucleases with large recognition sites can cleave DNA in living cells, and, as a consequence, stimulate homologous recombination (HR) up to 10 000-fold. The recent development of artificial meganucleases with chosen specificities has provided the potential to target any chromosomal locus. Thus, they may represent a universal(More)
Homologous gene targeting (HGT) is a precise but inefficient process for genome engineering. Several methods for increasing its efficiency have been developed, including the use of rare cutting endonucleases. However, there is still room for improvement, as even nuclease-induced HGT may vary in efficiency as a function of the nuclease, target site, and cell(More)
Targeting DNA double-strand breaks is a powerful strategy for gene inactivation applications. Without the use of a repair plasmid, targeted mutagenesis can be achieved through Non-Homologous End joining (NHEJ) pathways. However, many of the DNA breaks produced by engineered nucleases may be subject to precise re-ligation without loss of genetic information(More)
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