Christophe Moinard

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Endotoxemia affects intestinal physiology. A decrease of circulating citrulline concentration is considered as a reflection of the intestinal function. Citrulline can be produced in enterocytes notably from glutamate and glutamine. The aim of this work was to determine if glutamate, glutamine and citrulline concentrations in blood, intestine and muscle are(More)
Citrulline (Cit) is a non-essential amino acid whose metabolic properties were largely ignored until the last decade when it began to emerge as a highly promising nutrient with many regulatory properties, with a key role in nitrogen homeostasis. Because Cit is not taken up by the liver, its synthesis from arginine, glutamine, ornithine and proline in the(More)
Leucine (LEU) is recognized as a major regulator of muscle protein synthesis (MPS). Citrulline (CIT) is emerging as a potent new regulator. The aim of our study was to compare MPS modulation by CIT and LEU in food-deprived rats and to determine whether their action was driven by similar mechanisms. Rats were either freely fed (F, n = 10) or food deprived(More)
Protein energy malnutrition in the elderly causes preferential loss of muscle mass which is associated with poor functional states. Leucine and citrulline are able to stimulate muscle protein synthesis in aged rats but no study has been undertaken to evaluate their effect on muscle function. Sprague–Dawley male rats aged 23 months were used in the(More)
Low calorie diets are designed to reduce body weight and fat mass, but they also lead to a detrimental loss of lean body mass, which is an important problem for overweight people trying to lose weight. In this context, a specific dietary intervention that preserves muscle mass in people following a slimming regime would be of great benefit. Leucine (LEU)(More)
The ability of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) to enhance macrophage cytotoxicity in stress situations has been described, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. It is known that OKG administration generates glutamine (GLN), arginine (ARG), and polyamines. This study will (1) evaluate the effect of OKG on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)(More)
The levels of molecules crucial for signal transduction processing change in the brain with aging. Lipid rafts are membrane microdomains involved in cell signaling. We describe here substantial biophysical and biochemical changes occurring within the rafts in hippocampus neurons from aging wild-type rats and mice. Using continuous sucrose density gradients,(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to induce a metabolic adaptation characterized by a nitrogen transfer from the periphery to the liver. However, the consequences of TBI on liver energy status are poorly documented. We evaluated the consequences of TBI on liver energy homeostasis in rats. In a first set of experiments, rats were randomized into two(More)
Abstract Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most severe injuries encountered in intensive care units. TBI patients exhibit protein wasting and gastrointestinal dysfunction, which may be risk factors for a septic state. Specific nutritional support may be required for these patients, and we hypothesize that standard nutritional support does not allow(More)
Adequate nutritional support is a major challenge in brain injury patients, because malnutrition cannot be reversed by standard enteral nutrition. We hypothesized that an oligomeric formula could improve nutritional status by restoring intestinal trophicity. Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats (300-330 g) underwent gastrostomy on day-7 (D-7) and traumatic(More)