Christophe Moinard

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Endotoxemia affects intestinal physiology. A decrease of circulating citrulline concentration is considered as a reflection of the intestinal function. Citrulline can be produced in enterocytes notably from glutamate and glutamine. The aim of this work was to determine if glutamate, glutamine and citrulline concentrations in blood, intestine and muscle are(More)
OBJECTIVE Arginine supplementation seems logical in situations where this amino acid becomes essential, for example after massive intestinal resection. Arginine is taken up and metabolised by the liver to a large extent and its supplementation is potentially unsafe. Citrulline is not captured by the liver and passes freely to the kidneys where it is(More)
Citrulline (Cit) is a non-essential amino acid whose metabolic properties were largely ignored until the last decade when it began to emerge as a highly promising nutrient with many regulatory properties, with a key role in nitrogen homeostasis. Because Cit is not taken up by the liver, its synthesis from arginine, glutamine, ornithine and proline in the(More)
Leucine (LEU) is recognized as a major regulator of muscle protein synthesis (MPS). Citrulline (CIT) is emerging as a potent new regulator. The aim of our study was to compare MPS modulation by CIT and LEU in food-deprived rats and to determine whether their action was driven by similar mechanisms. Rats were either freely fed (F, n = 10) or food deprived(More)
Ornithine aminotransferase (OAT) is a reversible enzyme expressed mainly in the liver, kidney and intestine. OAT controls the interconversion of ornithine into glutamate semi-aldehyde, and is therefore involved in the metabolism of arginine and glutamine which play a major role in N homeostasis. We hypothesised that OAT could be a limiting step in(More)
Protein energy malnutrition in the elderly causes preferential loss of muscle mass which is associated with poor functional states. Leucine and citrulline are able to stimulate muscle protein synthesis in aged rats but no study has been undertaken to evaluate their effect on muscle function. Sprague–Dawley male rats aged 23 months were used in the(More)
Low calorie diets are designed to reduce body weight and fat mass, but they also lead to a detrimental loss of lean body mass, which is an important problem for overweight people trying to lose weight. In this context, a specific dietary intervention that preserves muscle mass in people following a slimming regime would be of great benefit. Leucine (LEU)(More)
The mouse kidney expresses the gene of ornithine aminotransferase (Oat). Previous works suggest that Oat is differentially expressed in female and male mouse kidney (Alonso E, Rubio V. Biochem J 259: 131-138, 1989; Levillain O, Diaz JJ, Blanchard O, Dechaud H. Endocrinology 146: 950-959, 2005; Manteuffel-Cymborowska M, Chmurzynska W, Peska M,(More)
Heart failure is a severe pathology, which has displayed a dramatic increase in the occurrence of patients with chronic heart disease in developed countries, as a result of increases in the population's average age and in survival time. This pathology is associated with severe malnutrition, which worsens the prognosis. Although the cachexia associated with(More)
The ability of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) to enhance macrophage cytotoxicity in stress situations has been described, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. It is known that OKG administration generates glutamine (GLN), arginine (ARG), and polyamines. This study will (1) evaluate the effect of OKG on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)(More)