Christophe Moinard

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The molecular mechanisms by which liver genes are differentially expressed along a portocentral axis, allowing for metabolic zonation, are poorly understood. We provide here compelling evidence that the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays a key role in liver zonation. First, we show the complementary localization of activated beta-catenin in the perivenous area(More)
Protein energy malnutrition is common in the elderly, especially in hospitalized patients. The development of strategies designed to correct such malnutrition is essential. Our working hypothesis was that poor response to nutrition with advancing age might be related to splanchnic sequestration of amino acids, which implies that fewer amino acids reach the(More)
Classically, polyamines is a family of molecules (i.e. putrescine, spermine, spermidine) derived from ornithine according to a decarboxylation/condensative process. More recently, it has been demonstrated that arginine can be metabolised according to the same pathway leading to agmatine formation. Polyamines are essential for the growth, the maintenance and(More)
Citrulline (Cit, C6H13N3O3), which is a ubiquitous amino acid in mammals, is strongly related to arginine. Citrulline metabolism in mammals is divided into two fields: free citrulline and citrullinated proteins. Free citrulline metabolism involves three key enzymes: NO synthase (NOS) and ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OCT) which produce citrulline, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Arginine supplementation seems logical in situations where this amino acid becomes essential, for example after massive intestinal resection. Arginine is taken up and metabolised by the liver to a large extent and its supplementation is potentially unsafe. Citrulline is not captured by the liver and passes freely to the kidneys where it is(More)
BACKGROUND Daily injections of dexamethasone (DEX) given to adult rats are a recognized but nonstandardized model of stress. The aim of this work was to establish a reproducible and accurate model of stress in adult rats by chronic injection of DEX in order to standardize it. For this purpose, the effect of the duration of treatment and the effect of DEX(More)
Glutamine (GLN) and arginine (ARG) are recognized for their ability to modulate immune cell function. However, the metabolic pathways involved in their action remain unclear. It was recently shown that GLN- or ARG-enriched diets increased radical oxygen species (ROS) production by neutrophils from stressed rats. Since these two amino acids have a tied(More)
The effects of diets supplemented with 6.8 mmol.day-1.kg-1 glutamine, arginine or ornithine 2-oxoglutarate [ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG), a precursor of both glutamine and arginine] on phagocyte functions [i.e. H2O2 production by leucocytes and secretion of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) by stimulated macrophages] of stressed rats were(More)
Citrulline possesses a highly specific metabolism that bypasses splanchnic extraction because it is not used by the intestine or taken up by the liver. The administration of citrulline may be used to deliver available nitrogen for protein homeostasis in peripheral tissues and as an arginine precursor synthesized de novo in the kidneys and endothelial and(More)
OBJECTIVE This work compared the nutritional efficiency of a recently available enteral formula enriched with arginine, omega-3 fatty acids, and antioxidants and supplied nitrogen as peptides (Crucial, Nestle Clinical Nutrition) with that of a standard polymeric formula (Sondalis HP, Nestle Clinical Nutrition) in endotoxemic rats. METHODS Male Wistar rats(More)