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Urban wastewater treatment plants (UWTPs) are among the main sources of antibiotics' release into the environment. The occurrence of antibiotics may promote the selection of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), which shade health risks to humans and animals. In this paper the fate of ARB and ARGs in UWTPs, focusing on(More)
The toxicity of quantum dots (QDs) has been commonly attributed to the release of metal ions from the core as well as to the production of reactive oxygen species. However, the information related to the stability of the nanoparticles are relatively scarce although this parameter may strongly influence their toxicity. The stability of aminosilane-capped ZnO(More)
Prokaryotic mobile elements have traditionally been classified as bacteriophages, plasmids, and transposons. We propose here a global classification of these and other bacterial and archaeal mobile elements based on their modular structure. This would allow for setting up interconnected databases where mobile elements could be stored as combinations of(More)
Urban wastewater treatment plants (UWTPs) are among the main sources of antibiotics' release into various compartments of the environment worldwide. The aim of the present paper is to critically review the fate and removal of various antibiotics in wastewater treatment, focusing on different processes (i.e. biological processes, advanced treatment(More)
Luminescent ZnO nanocrystals were synthesized by basic hydrolysis of Zn(OAc)(2) in the presence of oleic acid and then functionalized with (poly)aminotrimethoxysilanes in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide to render the QDs water-dispersible. The highest photoluminescence quantum yield (17%) was achieved using(More)
Tn4371, a 55-kb transposable element involved in the degradation and biphenyl or 4-chlorobiphenyl identified in Ralstonia eutropha A5, displays a modular structure including a phage-like integrase gene (int), a Pseudomonas-like (chloro)biphenyl catabolic gene cluster (bph), and RP4- and Ti-plasmid-like transfer genes (trb) (C. Merlin, D. Springael, and A.(More)
Tn4371, a 55-kb catabolic transposon originally isolated from Ralstonia eutropha A5, carries genes for the degradation of biphenyl/4-chlorobiphenyl, which are clustered on a 13-kb DNA segment located in the middle of the element. DNA sequencing revealed that two potential regulatory genes, bphR and bphS, border this region. Transcriptional fusion(More)
Antibiotic resistance is a threat to human and animal health worldwide, and key measures are required to reduce the risks posed by antibiotic resistance genes that occur in the environment. These measures include the identification of critical points of control, the development of reliable surveillance and risk assessment procedures, and the implementation(More)
Tn4371 is a 55-kb catabolic transposon originally isolated from Ralstonia eutropha A5 that encodes enzymes catalyzing the complete degradation of biphenyl. Unlike previously described transposons encoding similar genes for aromatic compound degradation. Tn4371 carries a phage-like degradation, Tn4371 integrase gene and RP4/Ti-like transfer genes. Tn4371(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the biphenyl catabolic transposon Tn4371 has been completed and analyzed. It confirmed that the element has a mosaic structure made of several building blocks. In addition to previously identified genes coding for a tyrosine recombinase related to phage integrases and for biphenyl degradation enzymes very similar to those of(More)