Christophe Merlin

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Urban wastewater treatment plants (UWTPs) are among the main sources of antibiotics' release into the environment. The occurrence of antibiotics may promote the selection of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), which shade health risks to humans and animals. In this paper the fate of ARB and ARGs in UWTPs, focusing on(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the biphenyl catabolic transposon Tn4371 has been completed and analyzed. It confirmed that the element has a mosaic structure made of several building blocks. In addition to previously identified genes coding for a tyrosine recombinase related to phage integrases and for biphenyl degradation enzymes very similar to those of(More)
Urban wastewater treatment plants (UWTPs) are among the main sources of antibiotics' release into various compartments of the environment worldwide. The aim of the present paper is to critically review the fate and removal of various antibiotics in wastewater treatment, focusing on different processes (i.e. biological processes, advanced treatment(More)
Antibiotic resistance is a threat to human and animal health worldwide, and key measures are required to reduce the risks posed by antibiotic resistance genes that occur in the environment. These measures include the identification of critical points of control, the development of reliable surveillance and risk assessment procedures, and the implementation(More)
Tn4371 is a 55-kb catabolic transposon originally isolated from Ralstonia eutropha A5 that encodes enzymes catalyzing the complete degradation of biphenyl. Unlike previously described transposons encoding similar genes for aromatic compound degradation. Tn4371 carries a phage-like degradation, Tn4371 integrase gene and RP4/Ti-like transfer genes. Tn4371(More)
Prokaryotic mobile elements have traditionally been classified as bacteriophages, plasmids, and transposons. We propose here a global classification of these and other bacterial and archaeal mobile elements based on their modular structure. This would allow for setting up interconnected databases where mobile elements could be stored as combinations of(More)
Analysis of bacterial DNA from fecal samples of mice is commonly performed in experimental studies. Although DNA extraction is a critical step in various molecular approaches, the efficiency of methods that may be used for DNA extraction from mice fecal samples has never been evaluated. We compared the efficiencies of six widely used commercial kits(More)
Plasmid-mediated dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes is widely recognized to take place in many environmental compartments but remains difficult to study in a global perspective because of the complexity of the environmental matrices considered and the lack of exhaustive tools. In this report, we used a molecular approach based on quantitative PCR(More)
DNA extraction is often considered as the limiting step of most molecular approaches in ecology and environmental microbiology. Ten existing DNA extraction protocols were compared for recovery of DNA from sludge and a modified version of the protocol described by Porteous et al. (Mol Ecol 6:787–791, 1997) was determined to be the best method for recovery of(More)
Mercaptosuccinic acid-capped CdSe and alloyed CdSe(S) QDs were prepared in aqueous solution at 100 and 170°C, respectively. These dots were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and UV-vis and photoluminescence spectroscopies. The dots were found to be of similar size (ca. 2nm) but differ in their composition and(More)