Christophe Melon

Learn More
The present study evaluated, via a combined electrophysiological and dialysis approach, the potential influence of serotonin (5-HT)(2C) as compared to 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(2B) receptors on dopaminergic, adrenergic, and serotonergic transmission in frontal cortex (FCX). Whereas the selective 5-HT(2A) antagonist MDL100,907 failed to modify extracellular levels(More)
The serotonin1A receptor partial agonist, buspirone, also displays antagonist properties at D2 receptors and is metabolized to the alpha2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, 1-(2-pyrimidinyl-piperazine). Herein, we examined mechanisms underlying the influence of buspirone alone, and in association with the serotonin reuptake inhibitor, fluoxetine, upon(More)
Group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors are localized in presynaptic terminals within basal ganglia (BG) circuitry that become hyperactive due to dopamine depletion in Parkinson's disease (PD). For this reason, group III mGlu receptors, in particular mGlu4, have been considered as key strategic targets for non-dopaminergic pharmacological(More)
There is growing experimental evidence for the implication of glutamate-mediated mechanisms both in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease and in the development of dyskinesias with long-term administration of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA). However, the impact of this treatment on glutamate transmission in the basal ganglia has been poorly(More)
Alterations of striatal synaptic transmission have been associated with several motor disorders involving the basal ganglia, such as Parkinson's disease. For this reason, we investigated the role of group-III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors in regulating synaptic transmission in the striatum by electrophysiological recordings and by using our novel(More)
The thalamic centromedian-parafascicular (CM/Pf) complex, mainly represented by Pf in rodents, is proposed as an interesting target for the neurosurgical treatment of movement disorders, including Parkinson's disease. In this study, we examined the functional impact of subchronic high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of Pf in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned(More)
 We evaluated whether the anxiolytic effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the rat ultrasonic vocalization (USV) test are preferentially mediated by (indirect) activation of 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B/1D, 5-HT2A, 5-HT3 or 5-HT4 receptors. The SSRIs, paroxetine (ED50 in mg/kg, IP: 6.9), citalopram (6.5), fluvoxamine (11.7) and fluoxetine (>30),(More)
Evidence have accumulated that reverse glutamate uptake plays a key role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Here, we investigated the effects of glial glutamate transporter dysfunction on neuronal survival using the substrate inhibitor of glutamate transporters, L-trans-pyrrolidine,2-4,dicarboxylate (PDC), that partly mimics reverse glutamate(More)
Evidence exists that a reinforcement in monoaminergic transmission in the frontal cortex (FCX) is associated with antidepressant (AD) properties. Herein, we examined whether blockade of alpha2-adrenergic receptors modified the influence of monoamine reuptake inhibitors on FCX levels of serotonin (5-HT), noradrenaline (NAD), and dopamine (DA). The selective(More)
The novel benzodioxopyrrolidine (S-16924) displays a clozapine-like profile of interaction with multiple monoaminergic receptors, in addition to potent agonist activity at serotonin (5-HT)1A receptors. S-16924 (2.5 mg/kg i.p.) and clozapine (5.0 mg/kg i.p.) generated robust discriminative stimuli (DS) and displayed full mutual generalization. The D4(More)