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The genotoxicity of four vanadium compounds, sodium metavanadate (NaVO3), ammonium metavanadate (NH4VO3), sodium ortovanadate (Na3VO4) and vanadyl sulfate (SVO5), was evaluated in human lymphocyte cultures using structural and numerical chromosome aberrations, micronuclei, sister-chromatid exchanges and satellite chromosome associations as endpoints. These(More)
HSPA8/HSC70 protein is a fascinating chaperone protein. It represents a constitutively expressed, cognate protein of the HSP70 family, which is central in many cellular processes. In particular, its regulatory role in autophagy is decisive. We focused this review on HSC70 structure-function considerations and based on this, we put a particular emphasis on(More)
After a long period where the potential of therapeutic peptides was let into oblivion and even dismissed, there is a revival of interest in peptides as potential drug candidates. Novel strategies for limiting metabolism and improve their bioavailability, and alternative routes of administration have emerged. This resulted in a large number of peptide-based(More)
Ab-targeted vaccination involves targeting a receptor of choice expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) with Ag-coupled Abs. Currently, there is little consensus as to which criteria determine receptor selection to ensure superior Ag presentation and immunity. In this study, we investigated parameters of DC receptor internalization and determined how they impact(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) targeting is a novel strategy to enhance vaccination efficacy. This approach is based on the in situ delivery of antigen via antibodies that are specific for endocytic receptors expressed at the surface of DCs. Here we review the complexity of the DC subsets and the antigen presentation pathways that need to be considered in the settings(More)
The Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) protein EB2 (also called Mta, SM and BMLF1), is an essential nuclear protein produced during the replicative cycle of EBV. EB2 is required for the efficient cytoplasmic accumulation of viral mRNAs derived from intronless genes. EB2 is an RNA-binding protein whose expression has been shown to influence RNA stability, splicing,(More)
Antigen-presenting cells survey their environment and present captured antigens bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. Formation of MHC-antigen complexes occurs in specialized compartments where multiple protein trafficking routes, still incompletely understood, converge. Autophagy is a route that enables the presentation of cytosolic(More)
Processing and loading of antigen into major histocompatibility complex molecules (MHC) occurs in specific intracellular compartments. Accessing MHC loading compartments requires trafficking via specific pathways, some of which have yet to be fully characterized. For MHC I, cross-presentation involves antigen trafficking to a specialised compartment. We(More)
The P140 peptide, a 21-mer linear peptide (sequence 131-151) generated from the spliceosomal SNRNP70/U1-70K protein, contains a phosphoserine residue at position 140. It significantly ameliorates clinical manifestations in autoimmune patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and enhances survival in MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice. Previous studies showed that(More)
Dendrons constituted of an adamantane core, a focal point and three arms, were synthetized starting from a multifunctional adamantane derivative. Maleimido groups at the periphery of the scaffold were used to covalently attach the peptide called P140, a therapeutic phosphopeptide controlling disease activity in systemic lupus, both in mice and patients.(More)