Christophe Luczak

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The relationship between neocortical high voltage spindle activity (HVS) and the level of arousal (state of vigilance) was investigated in imp-DAK rats. Two groups of single records (6 h and 24 h) and one group of repeated ones (6 h daily for three consecutive days) were analysed. Five levels of arousal (states) were distinguished on the basis of(More)
A long-term time series of plankton and benthic records in the North Sea indicates an increase in decapods and a decline in their prey species that include bivalves and flatfish recruits. Here, we show that in the southern North Sea the proportion of decapods to bivalves doubled following a temperature-driven, abrupt ecosystem shift during the 1980s.(More)
A recent increase in sea temperature has established a new ecosystem dynamic regime in the North Sea. Climate-induced changes in decapods have played an important role. Here, we reveal a coincident increase in the abundance of swimming crabs and lesser black-backed gull colonies in the North Sea, both in time and in space. Swimming crabs are an important(More)
Climate change is having a discernible effect on many biological and ecological processes. Among observed changes, modifications in bird phenology have been widely documented. However, most studies have interpreted phenological shifts as gradual biological adjustments in response to the alteration of the thermal regime. Here we analysed a long-term dataset(More)
Mapping the future potential distribution of alien species has become an issue of great concern. Ecological niche models are increasingly used to forecast the spatial range of introduced species in the context of climate warming. Here, we studied the potential spread of the American jackknife clam Ensis directus into European waters. E. directus, a marine(More)
This paper presents the first record of Ptilohyale littoralis (Stimpson, 1853) and Boccardia proboscidea (Hartman, 1940) from the French coast of the eastern English Channel. This record is the second for P. littoralis in European waters following a record from the Netherlands, which is suspected as the site of initial introduction from the Atlantic coast(More)
Beyond the direct influence of climate change on species distribution and phenology, indirect effects may also arise from perturbations in species interactions. Infectious diseases are strong biotic forces that can precipitate population declines and lead to biodiversity loss. It has been shown in forest ecosystems worldwide that at least 10% of trees are(More)
Ecological Niche Models (ENMs) are increasingly used by ecologists to project species potential future distribution. However, the application of such models may be challenging, and some caveats have already been identified. While studies have generally shown that projections may be sensitive to the ENM applied or the emission scenario, to name just a few,(More)
Shamoun-Baranes & Camphuysen [1] made two main points in their critical appraisal of our recent article [2]: (i) that the Larus fuscus population increased in the Netherlands well before a mid 1980s regime shift in the North Sea and (ii) that population increases based on a simple prey type are difficult to imagine. These two comments give us the(More)
In laboratory rats an epileptic-like spontaneous neocortical activity in the form of bursts of spike and wave discharges (SWD) develops gradually with age. High incidence of the SWD episodes is accompanied by other indices characteristic of advanced age: memory disturbances and atrophic changes within basal forebrain structures (Buzsaki et al. 1988b, Gage(More)