Christophe Le Tourneau

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Phase I clinical trials are an essential step in the development of anticancer drugs. The main goal of these studies is to establish the recommended dose and/or schedule of new drugs or drug combinations for phase II trials. The guiding principle for dose escalation in phase I trials is to avoid exposing too many patients to subtherapeutic doses while(More)
Alterations of chromatin modifiers are frequent in cancer, but their functional consequences often remain unclear. Focusing on the Polycomb protein EZH2 that deposits the H3K27me3 (trimethylation of Lys27 of histone H3) mark, we showed that its high expression in solid tumors is a consequence, not a cause, of tumorigenesis. In mouse and human models, EZH2(More)
PEP005 (ingenol-3-angelate) is a novel anticancer agent extracted from Euphorbia peplus that was previously shown to modulate protein kinase C (PKC), resulting in antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects in several human cancer cell lines. In Colo205 colon cancer cells, exposure to PEP005 induced a time- and concentration-dependent decrease of cells in S(More)
The proof of principle that a drug targeting mTOR can improve survival has been obtained recently from a large randomised trial using temsirolimus as a first-line therapy in patients with advanced poor prognostic renal cell carcinoma. Consistent data have recently shown the important role of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling pathway in the regulation of crucial(More)
INTRODUCTION Traditional dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) definition, which uses grade (G) 3-4 toxicity data from cycle 1 (C1) only, may not be appropriate for molecularly targeted agents (MTAs) of prolonged administration, for which late or lower grade toxicities also deserve attention. PATIENTS AND METHODS In collaboration with pharmaceutical companies and(More)
Macrophage infiltration has been identified as an independent poor prognostic factor in several cancer types. The major survival factor for these macrophages is macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1). We generated a monoclonal antibody (RG7155) that inhibits CSF-1 receptor (CSF-1R) activation. In vitro RG7155 treatment results in cell death of(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to study the influence of pT classification, pN status, tumor volume, and number of lymph nodes invaded on survival of patients with head and neck cancers to improve therapeutic indications. METHODS This was a retrospective study of 621 consecutive patients treated from 1990 to 1997 by a single team. RESULTS In univariate analysis,(More)
Precision medicine (PM) requires the delivery of individually adapted medical care based on the genetic characteristics of each patient and his/her tumor. The last decade witnessed the development of high-throughput technologies such as microarrays and next-generation sequencing which paved the way to PM in the field of oncology. While the cost of these(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the current study was to describe pure and mixed fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC). METHODS Consecutive patients with pure and mixed FL-HCC were identified from a central pathological review using Edmondson's criteria. Clinical, pathological, and epigenetic characteristics of patients who underwent curative surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment effect is categorised into four classes by RECIST based on the evolution of the size of target lesions and the occurrence of new lesions, irrespective of tumour growth kinetics before treatment. This study aimed at evaluating the added value of tumour growth kinetics assessment to RECIST in patients treated with molecularly targeted(More)