Christophe Le Clorennec

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Death receptors can directly (type I cells) or indirectly induce apoptosis by activating mitochondrial-regulated apoptosis (type II cells). The level of caspase 8 activation is thought to determine whether a cell is type I or II, with type II cells less efficient at activating this caspase following death receptor activation. FLICE-inhibitory protein (FLIP)(More)
Chemotherapeutic drugs such as fludarabine*, doxorubicin or cisplatin are very potent activators of the anti-oncogene p53. Convergent studies suggest that p53 and STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) cooperate in the induction of cell death. We show that these drugs are also activators of STAT1 in p53-expressing cells, but not in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Small B-cell indolent lymphomas postulated to be of a post-germinal center origin include marginal zone lymphomas of the spleen (S-MZL) or lymph nodes (N-MZL) and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas and lymphoplasmacytic lymphomas (LPL). The existence of rather aggressive cases stresses the need for new biological(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) induces CD95 expression and the CD95 gene (FAS) is regulated by NF-kappaB, STAT1, and/or p53. To understand the contribution of these factors in the regulation of CD95 by EBV in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs), we cloned dominant-active IkappaBalpha, active (STAT1alpha) and inactive (STAT1beta) forms of STAT1, p53, a(More)
Blockade of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) and of the downstream phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway is a prerequisite for overcoming drug resistance and to develop novel treatments for cancers that are not eligible for the currently approved targeted therapies. To this end, we generated specific antibodies (Abs) against(More)
Constitutive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) is a distinctive feature of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-immortalized B cells (lymphoblastoid cell lines [LCLs]). The expression of STAT1 in these cells is modulated by the latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), but the mechanism of STAT1 activation has remained unclear. We(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with several human malignancies where it expresses limited subsets of latent proteins. Of the latent proteins, latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is a potent transforming protein that constitutively induces multiple cell signaling pathways and contributes to EBV-associated oncogenesis. Regulation of LMP1 expression has(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), a transcription factor known to participate in antiviral responses, acts as a tumor suppressor inhibiting cell growth and promoting apoptosis. To study the role of STAT1 in DNA damage–induced apoptosis in B lymphocytes, its active form, STAT1 , was specifically inhibited by the overexpression of(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), a transcription factor known to participate in antiviral responses, acts as a tumor suppressor inhibiting cell growth and promoting apoptosis. To study the role of STAT1 in DNA damage-induced apoptosis in B lymphocytes, its active form, STAT1alpha, was specifically inhibited by the overexpression(More)
The repair DNA polymerase beta (Polbeta), when overexpressed, plays a critical role in generating genetic instability via its interference with the genomic replication program. Up-regulation of Polbeta has been reported in many tumor types that exhibit genetic aberrations, including EBV-related B-cell lymphomas. However, the mechanisms responsible for its(More)