Christophe Heymes

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Experiments were designed to investigate the role of cyclo-oxygenase isoforms in endothelial dysfunction in ageing. Aortic rings with endothelium of aged and young (24 vs 4 month-old) Wistar rats, were mounted in organ chambers for the recording of changes in isometric tension. In young rats, acetylcholine (ACh) caused a complete relaxation which was not(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to investigate whether nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase is expressed in the human heart and whether it contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in heart failure. BACKGROUND A phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase complex is a major source of ROS in the vasculature and is(More)
BACKGROUND Blood flow characteristics influence endothelial cell apoptosis. However, little is known about the occurrence of endothelial cell apoptosis in human atherosclerosis and its relation to blood flow. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 42 human carotid atherosclerotic plaques were retrieved by endarterectomy; they were examined in the longitudinal(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II induces both cardiac and vascular smooth muscle (VSM) hypertrophy. Recent studies suggest a central role for a phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase in angiotensin II-induced VSM hypertrophy. The possible involvement of an NADPH oxidase in the development of cardiac hypertrophy has not been studied. Methods and Results- Mice with targeted(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with heart failure have modified myocardial expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), as is evident from induction of calcium-insensitive NOS isoforms. The functional significance of this modified NOS gene expression for left ventricular (LV) contractile performance was investigated in patients with dilated nonischemic cardiomyopathy.(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that mineraloand glucocorticoids modulate cardiovascular homeostasis via the effects of circulating components generated within the adrenals but also through local synthesis. The aim of this study was to assess the existence of such a steroidogenic system in heart. Using the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain(More)
We hypothesized that diabetes-induced oxidative stress may affect postischemic neovascularization. The response to unilateral femoral artery ligation was studied in wild-type or gp91(phox)-deficient control or type 1 diabetic mice or in animals treated with the anti-oxidant N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or with in vivo electrotransfer of a plasmid encoding(More)
Experimental data suggest that nitric oxide (NO) generated from neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) modulates the myocardial inotropic state. To assess the contribution of NO, derived from endothelial and neuronal isoforms, to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure in human beings, we compared expression, localisation, and specific activity of NOS isoforms(More)
BACKGROUND This study analyzed the regulation and the role of the cardiac steroidogenic system in myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS Seven days after MI, rats were randomized to untreated infarcted group or spironolactone- (20 and 80 mg x kg-1 x d-1), losartan- (8 mg x kg-1 x d-1), spironolactone plus losartan-, and L-NAME- (5 mg x kg-1 x(More)
BACKGROUND An emerging concept is that a neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) may regulate myocardial contractility. However, a role for NOS1-derived nitric oxide (NO) in heart failure (HF) has not been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS Using a model of myocardial infarction-induced HF, we demonstrated that cardiac NOS1 expression and activity(More)