Christophe Gaugler

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The known relationship between peritoneal fill volume (IVP) and dialysis efficiency favors the use of an optimal IVP to enhance peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, we have studied the effects of an increased IVP in consecutive stages [800, 1400, and 2000 mL/m2 of body surface area (BSA), respectively] in 8 children on chronic PD (mean age: 9 years 6(More)
OBJECTIVE Methylxanthines and doxapram are currently used to treat apnea of prematurity but are not fully effective and often present undesirable side effects. The present study examines whether exposure to an odor known to modulate the infant's respiratory rate could reduce the frequency of apneic spells. METHOD Fourteen preterm newborns born at 24 to 28(More)
Primary deficiency of surfactant is responsible for the respiratory distress syndrome and concerns premature neonates born before 33 weeks of gestation. However, newborns may develop respiratory disorders related to a secondary deficiency or dysfunction of surfactant. We report the course of three extremely low birth weight premature infants who experienced(More)
This document reviews the main data relating to the structural and functional organisation of olfactory perception in the premature newborn. The chemoreceptive systems (main olfactory, trigeminal, vomeronasal and terminal systems) develop in different chronological orders but quite at very early stage during ontogeny. The premature newborn, despite being(More)
It is unusual to diagnose pleuro-pulmonary herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection during the neonatal period when no skin lesions or meningo-encephalitis are present, especially with no antecedents of maternal herpes. We describe such a case here. The patient was born at 38 weeks gestation by vaginal delivery (no maternal herpes antecedents) and on day 4 of(More)
This document reviews the main data relating to the structural and functional organisation of olfactory perception in the premature newborn. The chemoreceptive systems (main olfactory, trigeminal, vomeronasal and terminal systems) develop in different chronological orders but quite at very early stage during ontogeny. The premature newborn, despite being(More)
Idiopathic apneas of prematurity remain an alarming problem in neonatology. Long-term effects on neurological development cannot be excluded. Two principal treatments are currently applied to prevent apneic attacks: analeptics (methylxanthines and doxapram) and continuous positive airway pressure. Several studies suggest the use of sensory stimulations for(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the optimal approach to peritoneal dialysis (PD) prescription in children. DESIGN Review of the available literature. RESULTS Unlike the situation in adults, the main method used for PD in children is automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). The prone position, while resting, permits the dialysis prescription to use a higher fill(More)
Necrotizing tracheobronchitis is a serious affection observed in ventilated newborns, frequently infants with instable hemodynamic state. It is characterized by acute episodes of airway obstruction. The treatment consists of the desobstruction by rigid bronchoscopy. The vascular theory seems to be of utmost imoortance in the physiopathology. Three cases are(More)