Christophe Gaudin

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BACKGROUND Dronedarone is a new antiarrhythmic drug that is being developed for the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS We conducted a multicenter trial to evaluate the use of dronedarone in 4628 patients with atrial fibrillation who had additional risk factors for death. Patients were randomly assigned to receive dronedarone, 400 mg(More)
CONTEXT Abdominal obesity is associated with metabolic abnormalities and increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. However, no obesity management strategy has demonstrated the ability to slow progression of coronary disease. OBJECTIVE To determine whether weight loss and metabolic effects of the selective cannabinoid type 1 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with atrial fibrillation are at high risk for stroke and require antithrombotic therapy. Antiarrhythmic drugs have not previously been shown to reduce the risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation. The effect of dronedarone, a new multichannel-blocking antiarrhythmic drug, on stroke has been evaluated in a randomized, double-blind(More)
Chronic administration of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has recently been suggested as a potential treatment for cholestatic liver disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of chronic oral administration of UDCA on the histological, biochemical, and hemodynamic abnormalities induced by bile duct ligation in the rat. Fifty-one rats with(More)
Alterations in beta-adrenergic receptor-Gs-adenylyl cyclase coupling underlie the reduced catecholamine responsiveness that is a hallmark of human and animal models of heart failure. To study the effect of altered expression of Gs alpha, we overexpressed the short isoform of Gs alpha in the hearts of transgenic mice, using a rat alpha-myosin heavy chain(More)
The hemodynamic responses to terbutaline - a selective beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist - were studied in conscious normal rats and in conscious rats with secondary biliary cirrhosis. Compared with those of normal rats, dose-response curves in cirrhotic rats indicated significantly decreased reactivity in arterial pressure and heart rate. Half-maximal effective(More)
IMPORTANCE The optimal anticoagulant for patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) managed with an invasive strategy remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of otamixaban, a novel intravenous direct factor Xa inhibitor, with that of unfractionated heparin plus downstream eptifibatide in(More)
In patients with cirrhosis, the significance of elevated plasma catecholamine concentrations is unclear. Thus we investigated the relationship between plasma catecholamine concentrations and the hemodynamic effect of pindolol (an index of sympathetic vascular tone) in 10 patients with cirrhosis. Systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics and plasma catecholamine(More)
In patients with cirrhosis and ascites decreased renal blood flow might be related to the severity of liver disease but the relationship between the severity of cirrhosis and renal perfusion has not yet been established. Thus we measured renal, systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics in 63 patients with ascites and in 28 without ascites. When compared to(More)
Free and conjugated noradrenaline concentrations were measured in portal-venous and arterial plasma from sham-operated rats or rats with portal hypertension. Two types of portal hypertension in rats were evaluated: in portal vein stenosed rats, the liver was normal, whereas cirrhosis developed in bile duct ligated rats. In cirrhotic rats, arterial free(More)