Christophe Drieu La Rochelle

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INTRODUCTION The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential usefulness of the object recognition learning paradigm to detect the potential amnesic properties of a new drug for use in the characterisation of its safety pharmacology profile. METHODS AND RESULTS In the first experiment, the time-dependent decay of object recognition memory was(More)
The need to develop a blood substitute is now urgent because of the increasing concern over Europe's BSE outbreak and the worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic, which have cut blood supplies. Extracellular soluble hemoglobin has long been studied for its possible use as a safe and effective alternative to blood transfusion, but this has met with little success.(More)
Dimebon (dimebolin) treatment enhances cognition in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or Huntington's disease. Although Dimebon was originally thought to improve cognition and memory through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, the low in vitro affinity for these targets suggests that these mechanisms(More)
The potential memory-enhancing properties of two dopamine agonists currently used in patients with Parkinson's disease, piribedil (1, 10 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously) and bromocriptine (5 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously), were evaluated in three experiments. Although piribedil (10 mg/kg) and bromocriptine equally enhanced spontaneous object recognition in young(More)
Vascular endothelial cells synthesize nitric oxide from L-arginine, and this pathway can be inhibited by various analogues of L-arginine, including NG-nitro L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). To investigate the role of this pathway in the regulation of femoral arterial tone, the effect of L-NAME was studied in vitro in isolated canine femoral arteries(More)
The effects of YM-16151 (1 mg/kg, i.v.), a combined beta 1-adrenoceptor blocking and calcium antagonist drug, on large (circumflex artery) and small coronary arteries and on systemic hemodynamics were investigated in chronically instrumented conscious dogs at rest and during treadmill exercise. These effects were compared to those in the same animals of(More)
The phenomenon of flow-dependent vasodilatation is characterised by the variations of vascular tone to changes in regional blood flow. Initially considered to be a purely myogenic reaction of a vessel to a change in blood flow in the microcirculation, it is now generally accepted that "flow-dependent" vasodilatation is closely related to the modulating(More)
The 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated nonhuman primate (NHP) has been described as the most translatable model for experimental reproduction of L-dopa-induced dyskinesia (LID). However, from a drug discovery perspective, the risk associated with investment in this type of model is high due to the time and cost. The(More)
When administered intravenously to conscious dogs, nicorandil, nitrovasodilators (nitroglycerin and SIN-1), and the K(+)-channel opener cromakalim exhibited marked differential effects on large epicardial and small resistance coronary arteries. Nitrovasodilators markedly increased the left circumflex coronary artery diameter at doses at which coronary(More)
Fourteen mongrel dogs were chronically instrumented on the circumflex coronary artery for measurement of coronary diameter (CD; Piezoelectric crystals) and coronary blood flow (CBF: Doppler flow probe). Coronary resistance (CR) was calculated as mean arterial blood pressure (MAP)/CBF. Systemic and coronary effects of three intravenous doses of(More)