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Kelp ecosystems form widespread underwater forests playing a major role in structuring the biodiversity at a regional scale. Some seaweeds such as Laminaria digitata are also economically important, being exploited for their alginate and iodine content. Although some studies have shown that kelp ecosystems are regressing and that multiple causes are likely(More)
The impact of haploid-diploidy and the intertidal landscape on a fine-scale genetic structure was explored in a red seaweed Gracilaria gracilis. The pattern of genetic structure was compared in haploid and diploid stages at a microgeographic scale (< 5 km): a total of 280 haploid and 296 diploid individuals located in six discrete, scattered rock pools were(More)
In order to better understand the alternation of generations that characterizes haploid–diploid life cycles, we assessed the existence of ecological differences between the two phases (haploid gametophyte and diploid tetrasporophyte) in Gracilaria chilensis, a rhodophyte with a typical Polysiphonia-type life cycle. We investigated the effect of light(More)
The two red algal species, Gracilaria birdiae Plastino and E.C. Oliveira and Gracilaria caudata J. Agardh, are the most important natural sources of agar in Brazil. Using the 454 sequencing system, we identified 464 and 487 perfect microsatellite loci in 6908 and 9602 sequences/contigs from G. birdiae and G. caudata, respectively. After a conservative(More)
The accidental introduction of Caulerpa taxifolia into the Mediterranean is no longer under dispute. What has eluded researchers until now, is definitive evidence for the original, biogeographical source population. Here we present two independent lines of evidence that support an Australian origin for the Mediterranean populations of C. taxifolia. First,(More)
A wide variety of life cycles can be found in the different groups of multicellular eukaryotes. Here we provide an overview of this variety, and review some of the theoretical arguments that have been put forward to explain the evolutionary stability of different life cycle strategies. We also describe recent progress in the analysis of the haploid-diploid(More)
Little is known about variation of sex ratio, the proportion of males to females, in natural populations of seaweed, though it is a major determinant of the mating system. The observation of sexual chromosomes in kelps suggested that sex is partly genetically determined. However, it is probably not purely genetic since the sex ratio can be modified by(More)
During secondary contact between phylogenetically closely related species (sibling species) having diverged in allopatry, the maintenance of species integrity depends on intrinsic and extrinsic reproductive barriers. In kelps (Phaeophyceae), the observations of hybrids in laboratory conditions suggest that reproductive isolation is incomplete. However, not(More)
Eukaryotic sex leads to an alternation of haploid and diploid nuclear phases. Because all multicellular animals are diploid, diploidy is often considered a 'biological success' and many arguments have been advanced to explain the evolution of a prolonged diploid phase. Nevertheless, among eukaryotes three basic situations are encountered, where the(More)
The great phenotypic variability and the lack of diagnostic characters in the genus Pylaiella render the systematic study of this genus problematic. In this study, we investigated the diversity of Pylaiella littoralis along the Brittany (France) coast using a DNA barcoding multilocus approach with mitochondrial (cox1, nad1, and atp9) and chloroplastic (rbcL(More)