Christophe Delerue

Learn More
We quantitatively investigate the size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS nanocrystals or quantum dots (Qdots), by combining the Qdot absorbance spectra with detailed elemental analysis of the Qdot suspensions. At high energies, the molar extinction coefficient epsilon increases with the Qdot volume d(3) and agrees with theoretical calculations(More)
The investigation of sub-nanosecond exciton dynamics in HgTe colloidal quantum dots using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy is reported. The transmittance change spectrum acquired immediately after pumping is dominated by a bleach blue-shifted by ~200-300 nm from the photoluminescent emission band. Comparison with a tight-binding model of the(More)
Colloidal nanocrystal quantum dots with a band gap in the near infra-red have potential application as the emitters for telecommunications or in vivo imaging, or as the photo-absorbing species in next generation solar cells or photodetectors. However, electro- and photoluminescence yields and the efficiency with which photo-generated charges can be(More)
We studied the rate of spontaneous emission from colloidal CdSe and CdTe nanocrystals at room temperature. The decay rate, obtained from luminescence decay curves, increases with the emission frequency in a supralinear way. This dependence is explained by the thermal occupation of dark exciton states at room temperature, giving rise to a strong attenuation(More)
We investigate electron and hole mobilities in strained silicon nanowires (Si NWs) within an atomistic tight-binding framework. We show that the carrier mobilities in Si NWs are very responsive to strain and can be enhanced or reduced by a factor >2 (up to 5×) for moderate strains in the ± 2% range. The effects of strain on the transport properties are,(More)
The 1S(h,e)-1P(e,h) exciton transition energy of PbSe nanocrystals was determined via two-photon photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy and was found to be in good agreement with predictions from a tight-binding calculation. The two-photon excitation peak occurs at energies very close to a strong feature in the one-photon absorption spectrum and suggests(More)
The performance of many semiconductor quantum-based structures is governed by the dynamics of charge carriers between a localized state and a band of electronic states. Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy, we studied the transport of inelastic tunneling electrons through a prototypical localized state: an isolated dangling-bond state on a Si(111) surface.(More)
Monolayers of lead selenide nanocrystals of a few nanometers in height have been made by electrodeposition on a Au(111) substrate. These layers show a thickness-dependent dielectric function, which was determined using spectroscopic ellipsometry. The experimental results are compared with electronic structure calculations of the imaginary part of the(More)
Several recent theoretical advances concerning semiconductor quantum dots are reviewed. First of all, the effect of the quantum confinement on the energy gap is revisited on the basis of GW and Bethe-Salpeter calculations, showing that the excitonic gap is practically equal to the ordinary eigenvalue gap of single-particle approximations. The second part(More)
Determination of the Coulomb energy of single point defects is essential because changing their charge state critically affects the properties of materials. Based on a novel approach that allows us to simultaneously identify a point defect and to monitor the occupation probability of its electronic state, we unambiguously measure the charging energy of a(More)