Christophe C. Jouny

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OBJECTIVES One major subject of discussion in sleep studies is whether bursts of K-complexes (K-bursts) and delta waves (D-bursts), expressions of a subcortical arousal, truly reflect an arousal response during sleep. To address this question we studied the changes in heart rate (HR) during spontaneous arousals in healthy subjects. METHODS Twenty-seven(More)
Seizures are increasingly understood to arise from epileptogenic networks across which ictal activity is propagated and sustained. In patients undergoing invasive monitoring for epilepsy surgery, high frequency oscillations have been observed within the seizure onset zone during both ictal and interictal intervals. We hypothesized that the patterns by which(More)
The human brain is a dynamic networked system. Patients with partial epileptic seizures have focal regions that periodically diverge from normal brain network dynamics during seizures. We studied the evolution of brain connectivity before, during, and after seizures with graph-theoretic techniques on continuous electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings (5.4 ±(More)
Over the last decade, the search for a method able to reliably predict seizures hours in advance has been largely replaced by the more realistic goal of very early detection of seizure onset, which would allow therapeutic or warning devices to be triggered prior to the onset of disabling clinical symptoms. We explore in this article the steps along the(More)
PURPOSE Partial seizures (PSs) may be self-limited regional events or propagate further and secondarily generalize. The mechanisms and dynamics of secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs) are not well understood. Methods with which to assess the dynamic of those events are also limited. METHODS Seizures were analyzed from patients with(More)
To determine whether human hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis activity is related to the alertness level during wakefulness, 10 healthy young men were studied under resting conditions in the daytime (0900-1800 h) after an 8-h nighttime sleep (2300-0700 h). A serial 70-sec gaze fixation task was required every 10 min throughout the daytime experimental(More)
OBJECTIVE The study of epileptic electroencephalograph (EEG) dynamics can potentially provide insights into seizure onset, evolution and termination. We propose a new synthetic measure based on time-frequency decomposition to provide detailed characterization of these dynamic changes. METHODS The matching pursuit (MP) method allows for continuous(More)
PURPOSE The dynamics of partial seizures originating from neocortical and mesial temporal regions are thought to differ, yet there are no quantitative comparative studies. The studies reported here investigate the duration of complex partial seizures in these populations using analyses of seizures recorded from intracranial arrays. METHODS Data were(More)
Paradoxical sleep (PS), in which periods with (phasic) and without (tonic) rapid eye movements are intermingled, is hypothesized to be related to cognitive processing and dreaming. Based on polysomnographic data from 12 healthy subjects, this study focuses on the spectral differentiation between phasic and tonic periods. Phasic PS periods exhibited(More)
The ultradian dynamics of the human waking EEG was studied using a short visual fixation task repeated every 10 min throughout the daytime. The EEG spectra obtained from the tasks were assessed for time effect and ultradian periodicity. Fronto-central EEG high frequency powers (22.5-44.5 Hz) decreased at the time of the midafternoon vigilance dip(More)