Christophe Butticaz

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The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vpu protein interacts with CD4 within the endoplasmic reticula of infected cells and targets CD4 for degradation through interaction with beta-TrCP1. Mammals possess a homologue of beta-TrCP1, HOS, which is also named beta-TrCP2. We show by coimmunoprecipitation experiments that beta-TrCP2 binds Vpu and is(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with several types of cancers including Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), a multifunctional oncoprotein, is a powerful activator of the transcription factor NF-κB, a property that is essential for EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell survival.(More)
Stable gene silencing by RNA interference (RNAi) can be achieved by expression of small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) from RNA polymerase III promoters. We have tested lentiviral vectors expressing shRNAs targetting CCR5 in primary CD4 T cells from donors representing various CCR5 and CCR2 genetic backgrounds covering the full spectrum of CCR5 expression levels and(More)
Alternative splicing may generate splice forms with different biologic roles or missing protein domains implicated in the interaction with HIV-1. To address this issue, 6 human genes were investigated-tumor suppressor gene 101 (TSG101), beta-transducin repeats containing protein (betaTrCP), peptidyl-proly cis-trans isomerase, cyclophilin A (PPIA), integrase(More)
Schizophrenia pathophysiology implies both abnormal redox control and dysconnectivity of the prefrontal cortex, partly related to oligodendrocyte and myelin impairments. As oligodendrocytes are highly vulnerable to altered redox state, we investigated the interplay between glutathione and myelin. In control subjects, multimodal brain imaging revealed a(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental evidences show that glutathione and its rate-limiting synthesizing enzyme, the glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL), are involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Furthermore, genetic association has been previously reported between two single nucleotide polymorphisms lying in noncoding regions of glutamate cysteine ligase modifier(More)
Glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the de novo synthesis of glutathione (GSH). The catalytic subunit (GCLC) of GCL contains a GAG trinucleotide-repeat (TNR) polymorphism within the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) that has been associated with various human disorders. Although several studies suggest that this variation(More)
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