Christophe Briand

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The multidrug exporter AcrB is the inner membrane component of the AcrAB-TolC drug efflux system in Escherichia coli and is responsible for the resistance of this organism to a wide range of drugs. Here we describe the crystal structure of the trimeric AcrB in complex with a designed ankyrin-repeat protein (DARPin) inhibitor at 2.5-A resolution. The three(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters shuttle a wide variety of molecules across cell membranes by alternating between inward- and outward-facing conformations, harnessing the energy of ATP binding and hydrolysis at their nucleotide binding domains (NBDs). Here we present the 2.9-Å crystal structure of the heterodimeric ABC transporter TM287–TM288(More)
We report here the crystal structure of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa multidrug exporter MexB, an intensively studied member of the resistance-nodulation-cell division family of secondary active transporters, at 3.0 A. MexB forms an asymmetric homotrimer where each subunit adopts a different conformation representing three snapshots of the transport cycle(More)
Death receptors, such as Fas and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptors, recruit Fas-associated death domain and pro-caspase-8 homodimers, which are then autoproteolytically activated. Active caspase-8 is released into the cytoplasm, where it cleaves various proteins including pro-caspase-3, resulting in apoptosis. The cellular(More)
We report here the evolution of ankyrin repeat (AR) proteins in vitro for specific, high-affinity target binding. Using a consensus design strategy, we generated combinatorial libraries of AR proteins of varying repeat numbers with diversified binding surfaces. Libraries of two and three repeats, flanked by 'capping repeats,' were used in ribosome-display(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases pose one of the most pressing unmet medical needs today. It has long been recognized that caspase-6 may play a role in several neurodegenerative diseases for which there are currently no disease-modifying therapies. Thus it is a potential target for neurodegenerative drug development. In the present study we report on the(More)
The formation of well-diffracting crystals is a major bottleneck in structural analysis of membrane proteins by X-ray crystallography. One approach to improve crystal quality is the use of DARPins as crystallization chaperones. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the interaction between DARPins and the integral membrane protein AcrB. We find that(More)
Death effector domains (DEDs) are protein-protein interaction domains found in the death inducing signaling complex (DISC). Performing a structure-based alignment of all DED sequences we identified a region of high diversity in alpha-helix 3 and propose a classification of DEDs into class I DEDs typically containing a stretch of basic residues in the(More)
The cell death protease caspase-2 has recently been recognized as the most apical caspase in the apoptotic cascade ignited during cell stress signaling. Cytotoxic stress, such as that caused by cancer therapies, leads to activation of caspase-2, which acts as a direct effector of the mitochondrion-dependent apoptotic pathway resulting in programmed cell(More)
Receptor agonism remains poorly understood at the molecular and mechanistic level. In this study, we identified a fully human anti-Fas antibody that could efficiently trigger apoptosis and therefore function as a potent agonist. Protein engineering and crystallography were used to mechanistically understand the agonistic activity of the antibody. The(More)