Christophe Breton

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G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) oligomers have been proposed to play critical roles in cell signaling, but confirmation of their existence in a native context remains elusive, as no direct interactions between receptors have been reported. To demonstrate their presence in native tissues, we developed a time-resolved FRET strategy that is based on receptor(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that maternal undernutrition sensitizes the offspring to the development of energy balance metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and obesity. The present study aimed at examining the impact of maternal undernutrition on leptin plasma levels in newborn male rats and on the arcuate nucleus(More)
Prenatal stress (PS) can cause early and long-term developmental effects resulting in part from altered maternal and/or fetal glucocorticoid exposure. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of chronic restraint stress during late gestation on feto-placental unit physiology and function in embryonic (E) day 21 male rat fetuses. Chronic stress(More)
The substitution, in the human V2 vasopressin receptor, of the aspartate at position 136 by alanine leads to agonist-independent activation of this mutant V2 receptor. Pharmacological studies of the D136A V2 receptor helped us in characterizing different V2 receptor antagonists. SR-121463A and OPC-31260, two non-peptide antagonists, behaved as inverse(More)
The hypothalamic neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) stimulates the release of several pituitary hormones, including ACTH, LH, and PRL. Although specific OT receptors have been identified in anterior pituitary membranes, the structure and cellular localization of these binding sites have not been elucidated. We previously cloned a rat OT receptor (OTR) gene and(More)
An increasing amount of ligand binding data on G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is not compatible with the prediction of the simple mass action law. This may be related to the propensity of most GPCRs, if not all, to oligomerize. Indeed, one of the consequences of receptor oligomerization could be a possible cross-talk between the protomers, which in(More)
The objective of the present work was to investigate the existence of an oxytocin (OT)-mediated autocrine/paracrine signaling upon small cell carcinoma of the lung (SCCL) cell growth. In that view, OT receptor (OTR) expression, concomitant with OT synthesis and secretion, was evidenced on three different SCCL cell lines (DMS79, H146, and H345) and related(More)
Human epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight is associated with hypertension in adulthood. Rodent models of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) support these findings because offspring from undernourished dams develop hypertension. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a newly described renin-angiotensin system (RAS) component that(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in imprinted gene dosage in the placenta may compromise the prenatal control of nutritional resources. Indeed monoallelic behaviour and sensitivity to changes in regional epigenetic state render imprinted genes both vulnerable and adaptable. METHODS AND FINDINGS We investigated whether a high-fat diet (HFD) during pregnancy modified the(More)
Several studies have shown that maternal undernutrition leading to low birth weight predisposes offspring to the development of metabolic pathologies such as obesity. Using a model of prenatal maternal 70% food restriction diet (FR30) in rat, we evaluated whether postweaning high-fat (HF) diet would amplify the phenotype observed under standard diet. We(More)