Christophe Braud

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Long-term allograft survival generally requires lifelong immunosuppression (IS). Rarely, recipients display spontaneous "operational tolerance" with stable graft function in the absence of IS. The lack of biological markers of this phenomenon precludes identification of potentially tolerant patients in which IS could be tapered and hinders the development(More)
Body dysmorphic disorder (B.D.D.) consists of a preoccupation with an imagined or slight physical defect. This study is the first European report on prevalence and several clinical and functional characteristics of patients with B.D.D. in a cosmetic surgery setting. Comparisons with defect- and severity-matched subjects without B.D.D. were also performed.
BACKGROUND NSAIDs exhibit protective properties towards some cancers, especially colon cancer. Yet, it is not clear how they play their protective role. PGE2 is generally shown as the only target of the NSAIDs anticancerous activity. However, PGE2 known targets become more and more manifold, considering both the molecular pathways involved and the target(More)
OBJECTIVE The association of HLA-DRB1 alleles with anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suggests the potential involvement of T lymphocytes in ACPA-seropositive disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate this hypothesis by systematic histologic and molecular analyses of synovial T cells in ACPA+ versus ACPA-(More)
Survival of solid organ grafts depends on life-long immunosuppression, which results in increased rates of infection and malignancy. Induction of tolerance to allografts would represent the optimal solution for controlling both chronic rejection (CR) and side effects of immunosuppression. Although spontaneous "operational tolerance" can occur in human(More)
A substantial proportion of long-term kidney graft recipients, including those with a stable renal function in the absence of immunosuppressive therapy, present a skewed T cell receptor (TCR) Vbeta chain usage, essentially in the CD8+ subset. This study analyzed in more detail phenotypical and functional alterations of CD8+ lymphocytes in drug-free tolerant(More)
BACKGROUND Deciphering the mechanisms of tolerance and chronic rejection (CR) remains a major goal in transplantation. Data in rodents suggest that Toll-like receptors (TLR), regulators of innate immune responses, play a role in determining graft outcome. However, few studies have focused on TLR expression in human kidney transplant recipients. METHODS(More)
Animal studies have suggested a potential role for regulatory T cells (Tregs) in allograft tolerance, but these FOXP3+ cells seem to be an inherent component of acute rejection (AR) in human recipients of renal transplants. The balance between regulatory cells and effector/cytotoxic cells may determine graft outcome; this balance has not been described for(More)
Diagnosis of the specific cause of late allograft injury is necessary if more personalized and efficient immunosuppressive regimens are to be introduced. This study sought previously unrecognized biomarkers for specific histologic diagnoses of late graft scarring by comparison of gene sets from published microarray studies. Tribbles-1 (TRIB1), a human(More)
Due to its low level of nephrotoxicity and capacity to harness tolerogenic pathways, sirolimus (SRL) has been proposed as an alternative to calcineurin inhibitors in transplantation. The exact mechanisms underlying its unique immunosuppressive profile in humans, however, are still not well understood. In the current study, we aimed to depict the in vivo(More)