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Thanks to the medical scanning techniques and the reliability of some applications programs in 3D reconstruction, we are now able to explain an observation methodology based on the example of an anthropology study on Egyptian mummies'heads through a non-destructive proceeding. We have managed to demonstrate the exploration of the cervicofacial anatomy in(More)
In order to determine whether the serotonergic modulation of the central respiratory activity previously reported in neonatal rats occurs in species other than the rat, we performed identical in vitro experiments on the neonatal mouse to those performed on the neonatal rat. The effects of adding serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and related agents to(More)
To compare the mechanisms governing perinatal respiratory rhythmogenesis in mice and rats, we adapted to the neonatal mouse the in vitro brainstem-spinal cord preparation of the neonatal rat. In mouse preparations retaining the pons, phrenic root did not show any rhythmic activity. Elimination of the pons induced phrenic rhythmic bursts which (1) induced(More)
Digital investigation of anthropological material through computed tomography (CT) offers several new opportunities in morphometrics. However, an object measured with computer-assisted methods does not necessarily exactly match the original one. The scanning and surface reconstruction of the object induce some alterations, and data acquisition is prone to(More)
CT scan coupled with autopsy is the gold standard for the forensic investigation of fatal road traffic accidents. The objective of the present paper is to demonstrate that from this, it is possible to reconstruct elements of an accident with minimal human and material resources using basic knowledge of three-dimensional imaging software. This is illustrated(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontitis is a common, chronic inflammatory disease caused by gram-negative bacteria leading to destruction of tissues supporting the teeth. Epidemiological studies have consistently shown increased frequency, extent and severity of periodontitis among diabetic adults. More recently, some controlled clinical trials have also suggested that(More)
BACKGROUND Acquired or congenital loss of structure can cause facial deformity. This can destroy identity and lead to certain forms of exclusion. Surgical and sometimes prosthetic reconstruction is required. The Maxillofacial Prosthesis (P.M.F) can be defined as the art and science of artificial reconstruction of facial bones. There is a continual increase(More)
Developmental changes in levels of serotonin, L-tryptophan and 5-hydroxyindol acetic acid (5-HIAA) were measured by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the forebrain, brainstem and cervical cord of fetal, neonatal and adult mice from the wild strain C3H and the transgenic strain Tg8, created from the C3H line by the disruption of the gene encoding(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health status among a population of students enrolled in the first year at the Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse (France), and to compare the results with those of similar investigations. METHODS An epidemiologic survey of 1,500 students at the Centre for Preventive Medicine at Paul Sabatier(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that leads to joint damage, deformity, and pain. It affects approximately 1% of adults in developed countries. Periodontitis is a chronic oral infection, caused by inflammatory reactions to gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, and affecting about 35 to 50% of adults. If left untreated,(More)