Forty native Mediterranean plant species were screened for emissions of the C5 and C10 hydrocarbons, isoprene and monoterpenes, in five different habitats. A total of 32 compounds were observed in the emissions from these plants. The number of compounds emitted by different plant species varied from 19 (Quercus ilex) to a single compound emission, usually… (More)
Increases in the production of terpene- and phenolic-like compounds in plant species under abiotic stress conditions have been interpreted in physiological studies as a supplementary defense system due to their capacity to limit cell oxidation. From an ecological perspective however, these increases are only expected to confer competitive advantages if they… (More)
Using a statistical approach based on artificial neural networks, an emission algorithm (ISO LF) accounting for high (instantaneous) to low (seasonal) frequency variations was developed for isoprene. ISO LF was optimised using an isoprene emission data base (ISO-DB) specifically designed for this work. ISO-DB consists of 1321 emission 5 rates collected in… (More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), composed of 28 amino acids, is a multifunctional neurotransmitter. We have demonstrated here that its action on human transformed colonic epithelial (HT-29) cells is mediated through the induction of interferon (IFN) synthesis. We have found that these cells have a functional receptor for IFN alpha 2; binding was… (More)
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emitted by plants can originate from both anabolism (metabolite production through anabolic processes) and catabolism (metabolite degradation by oxidative reactions). Drought can favor leaf oxidation by increasing the oxidative pressure in plant cells. Thus, under the precipitation decline predicted for the… (More)
Using a statistical approach based on artificial neural networks, an emission algorithm (ISO-LF) accounting for high to low frequency variations was developed for isoprene emission rates. ISO-LF was optimised using a data base (ISO-DB) specifically designed for this work, which consists of 1321 emission rates collected in the literature and 34 environmental… (More)
Biogenic isoprene emission rates modelling C. Boissard et al.
Endocytosis of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and of transferrin (Tf) was comparatively studied in human cancerous colonic HT-29 cells. Cellular depletion in potassium inhibits the internalization of VIP (23%) and to a greater extent (42%) that of Tf. This indicates that clathrin-coated pits are also involved, at least in part, in VIP uptake. The… (More)