Learn More
Amyloid plaques in brain, composed of aggregates of amyloid-beta peptide, play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and represent a good target for treatment. We have shown previously that a 5-amino acid beta-sheet breaker peptide (iA beta 5p), end-protected, has the ability to induce a dramatic reduction in amyloid deposition in two(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a potent and efficient stimulator of adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation in a human colon carcinoma cell line, HT 29. cAMP accumulation is sensitive to a concentration of VIP as low as 3x10(-12) M. Maximum VIP-induced cAMP levels were observed with 10(-9) M VIP and are about 200 times above the(More)
We have characterized, by RT-PCR amplification using specific primers, the presence of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-I) receptor mRNA in CA-77 cells, a C cell line derived from a rat medullary thyroid carcinoma. Down-regulation of the GLP-1 receptor mRNA was observed after exposure of CA-77 C cells with GLP-1 (7-37). Increased secretion of both calcitonin(More)
Forty native Mediterranean plant species were screened for emissions of the C5 and C10 hydrocarbons, isoprene and monoterpenes, in five different habitats. A total of 32 compounds were observed in the emissions from these plants. The number of compounds emitted by different plant species varied from 19 (Quercus ilex) to a single compound emission, usually(More)
Analogues of the opioid peptides [D-Phe(3)]morphiceptin (H-Tyr-Pro-D-Phe-Pro-NH(2)) and endomorphin-2 (H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH(2)) containing the pseudoproline (Psi Pro) (4R)-thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (Cys[Psi(R1,R2)pro]) or (4S)-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (Ser[Psi(R1,R2)pro]) in place of Pro(2) were synthesized. The pseudoproline ring in these(More)
The question as to whether the homologous peptides CGRP and IAPP can regulate insulin secretion in RINm5F cells was addressed. Chicken CGRP displayed a reproducible inhibitory effect on insulin secretion within 0.1 and 1 nM concentrations and a stimulatory effect at higher concentrations. The maximal stimulatory effects on insulin secretion were obtained(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the role of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the control of cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate production in colonic tumor cells. Seven human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines in culture were investigated (HT-29, HRT-18, SW-480, Caco-2, CO-115, CO-125, and HCT-8R). These cell-lines had a cyclic adenosine(More)
We have determined the cellular distribution of different alpha subtypes of G proteins and adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms in endocrine, exocrine, and established pancreatic cell lines. VIP, PACAP, and tGLP-1 receptor proteins are expressed to varying extents in A and B cells, whereas the expression of G alpha subunits is cell specific. Thus, G(olf) alpha is(More)
The IFN-alpha 2 receptor present in human cancerous colonic cells in culture has a capacity of 1,800 sites per cell with a kd of 0.5 nM. The molecular mass of the interferon alpha 2 (IFN-alpha 2) receptor complex is 134 kd. The IFN-alpha 2 induces the activity of the 2'5' oligoadenylate (2'5' A) synthetase activity in these cells and partly inhibits their(More)