Christophe Boissard

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Amyloid plaques in brain, composed of aggregates of amyloid-beta peptide, play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and represent a good target for treatment. We have shown previously that a 5-amino acid beta-sheet breaker peptide (iA beta 5p), end-protected, has the ability to induce a dramatic reduction in amyloid deposition in two(More)
Forty native Mediterranean plant species were screened for emissions of the C5 and C10 hydrocarbons, isoprene and monoterpenes, in five different habitats. A total of 32 compounds were observed in the emissions from these plants. The number of compounds emitted by different plant species varied from 19 (Quercus ilex) to a single compound emission, usually(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a potent and efficient stimulator of adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation in a human colon carcinoma cell line, HT 29. cAMP accumulation is sensitive to a concentration of VIP as low as 3x10(-12) M. Maximum VIP-induced cAMP levels were observed with 10(-9) M VIP and are about 200 times above the(More)
Desensitization of human carcinoma colonic cells in culture (HT-29) to vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been reported previously (C. Boissard, J. C. Marie, G. Hejblum, C. Gespach, and G. Rosselin, Cancer Res., 46: 4406-4413, 1986). In the present study, we have determined the ultrastructural localization of VIP and its receptor after exposure of(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the role of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the control of cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate production in colonic tumor cells. Seven human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines in culture were investigated (HT-29, HRT-18, SW-480, Caco-2, CO-115, CO-125, and HCT-8R). These cell-lines had a cyclic adenosine(More)
Endocytosis of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and of transferrin (Tf) was comparatively studied in human cancerous colonic HT-29 cells. Cellular depletion in potassium inhibits the internalization of VIP (23%) and to a greater extent (42%) that of Tf. This indicates that clathrin-coated pits are also involved, at least in part, in VIP uptake. The(More)
We have characterized, by RT-PCR amplification using specific primers, the presence of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-I) receptor mRNA in CA-77 cells, a C cell line derived from a rat medullary thyroid carcinoma. Down-regulation of the GLP-1 receptor mRNA was observed after exposure of CA-77 C cells with GLP-1 (7-37). Increased secretion of both calcitonin(More)
The question as to whether the homologous peptides CGRP and IAPP can regulate insulin secretion in RINm5F cells was addressed. Chicken CGRP displayed a reproducible inhibitory effect on insulin secretion within 0.1 and 1 nM concentrations and a stimulatory effect at higher concentrations. The maximal stimulatory effects on insulin secretion were obtained(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), a 28-amino acid peptide, plays a multifunctional neuromodulatory role in both peripheral and central nervous systems. We have recently reported that VIP induces interferon (IFN) alpha/beta synthesis in human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. It has been reported that VIP may counteract HIV-induced neuronal cell(More)