Learn More
The formation of biofilm results in a major lifestyle switch that is thought to affect the expression of multiple genes and operons. We used DNA arrays to study the global effect of biofilm formation on gene expression in mature Escherichia coli K-12 biofilm. We show that, when biofilm is compared with the exponential growth phase, 1.9% of the genes showed(More)
Shigella flexneri and its close relatives are facultative intracellular pathogens of humans and are the etiological agents of bacillary dysentery. These bacteria secrete proteins that enable them to enter human epithelial cells via an elaborate and fascinating cell biology. This behaviour depends on a complicated regulon of virulence genes, whose expression(More)
Curli fibers could be described as a virulence factor able to confer adherence properties to both abiotic and eukaryotic surfaces. The ability to adapt rapidly to changing environmental conditions through signal transduction pathways is crucial for the growth and pathogenicity of bacteria. OmpR was shown to activate csgD expression, resulting in curli(More)
Escherichia coli is a predominant species among facultative anaerobic bacteria of the gastrointestinal tract. Both its frequent community lifestyle and the availability of a wide array of genetic tools contributed to establish E. coli as a relevant model organism for the study of surface colonization. Several key factors, including different extracellular(More)
Escherichia coli is the primary cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) in the developed world. The major factors associated with the virulence of uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) are fimbrial adhesins, which mediate specific attachment to host receptors and trigger innate host responses. Another group of adhesins is represented by the autotransporter subgroup(More)
Shigella flexneri 2a is known to express the H-NS nucleoid-structuring protein and the paralogous protein StpA. Using bioinformatic analysis we have now discovered a third member of the H-NS protein family, Sfh (S higella f lexneri H-NS-like protein), in strain 2457T. This protein is encoded by the sfh gene, which is located on a high-molecular-mass plasmid(More)
The H-NS nucleoid structuring protein has been shown previously to play a negative role in controlling virulence gene expression in Shigella flexneri by repressing transcription of the virF and virB regulatory genes and the VirF-dependent icsA structural gene under non-permissive growth conditions. Here, we show that H-NS also acts at the promoters of the(More)
To determine whether growth of bacteria in biofilms triggers a specific immune response, we compared cytokine induction in human monocytes and mouse macrophages by planktonic and biofilm bacteria. We compared Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, two bacteria often colonizing the airways of cystic fibrosis patients. Planktonic and biofilm S.(More)
The production of biofilms by bacteria is a lifestyle that is thought to require or involve a differential gene expression compared with that of planktonic bacteria. Recently, we have witnessed a change of focus from the simple hunt for hypothetical essential biofilm genes to the identification of late and more complex biofilm functions. However, finding(More)
Surface-associated microbial communities, called biofilms, are present in all environments. Although biofilms play an important positive role in a variety of ecosystems, they also have many negative effects, including biofilm-related infections in medical settings. The ability of pathogenic biofilms to survive in the presence of high concentrations of(More)