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The best current model of breast cancer evolution suggests that most cancers arise from certain premalignant lesions. We have identified a common (34%) somatic mutation in the estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha gene in a series of 59 typical hyperplasias, a type of early premalignant breast lesion. The mutation, which affects the border of the hinge and hormone(More)
In the present study, 25 patients with breast cancer pretreated with one or two anthracycline-based regimens for visceral metastases were enrolled. Patients were treated with gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 on days 1, 8 and 15, q28d. Nine patients received gemcitabine as second-line treatment, whereas 16 patients received gemcitabine as third-line cytotoxic(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective of this randomized phase III study was to show significant difference in median time to progression (TTP) in patients with advanced NSCLC treated with single-agent gemcitabine maintenance therapy versus best supportive care following gemcitabine plus cisplatin initial first-line therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Chemonaive(More)
PURPOSE The present pilot study was performed to elucidate whether early changes in serum Her-2/neu extracellular domain (ECD) levels during trastuzumab-based treatment would predict the clinical course of disease in patients with metastatic breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Sera from 55 patients with Her-2/neu-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer(More)
Amplification and over-expression of the HER-2/neu proto-oncogene are associated with poor prognosis in women with both node-positive and node-negative breast cancer. Therefore, the encoded surface glycoprotein represents an attractive target for cancer immunotherapies. Furthermore, the extracellular domain of HER-2/neu is released from the cell surface by(More)
The anti Her-2/neu monoclonal antibody Trastuzumab has strong inhibiting effects on tumor growth in vitro and in vivo and is therefore used for immunotherapy in breast cancer patients. Due to necessity of frequent applications, however, cost intensiveness of Trastuzumab treatment and its limited duration of affectivity, an active immunization inducing a(More)
Bone marrow cells (BMC) flushed from femora of Lewis rats were cultured in Dulbecco's modification of Eagle's medium supplemented with mouse L929 cell supernatant as a source of colony-stimulating factor (CSF). Differentiation of macrophage progenitor cells into macrophages (M phi) and expression of various markers were kinetically assessed. The proportion(More)
Upon disease progression on trastuzumab-based therapy, patients with HER-2 positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) may switch to lapatinib or continue on trastuzumab. We aimed to assess the impact of both strategies on overall survival (OS) in all patients treated for HER-2 positive MBC at the Medical University Vienna from 1999 until 2009. A total of 201(More)
We have analyzed serum levels of soluble HER-2/neu in 42 primary breast cancer patients prior to any therapy and studied the relationship between the overexpression and amplification of HER-2/neu in the primary tumor after surgical excision and data obtained by pathohistological staging. In addition, we have investigated the sera of 62 patients with stage(More)
Five human soft tissue sarcoma (STS) cell lines (HTB-82 rhabdomyosarcoma, HTB-91 fibrosarcoma, HTB-92 liposarcoma, HTB-93 synovial sarcoma and HTB-94 chondrosarcoma) were analysed for their sensitivity to tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and the function of the TRAIL apoptotic pathway in these cells. TRAIL induced(More)