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  • Ying Li, Silvia Innocentin, David R. Withers, Natalie A. Roberts, Alec R. Gallagher, Elena F. Grigorieva +2 others
  • 2011
The body's surfaces form the interface with the external environment, protecting the host. These epithelial barriers are also colonized by a controlled diversity of microorganisms, disturbances of which can give rise to disease. Specialized intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), which reside at these sites, are important as a first line of defense as well as(More)
Interleukin (IL)-22-producing innate lymphoid cells (ILCs; ILC22) comprise a heterogeneous population of cells that are dependent on the transcription factor retinoid-related orphan γt (RORγt) and are critical for barrier function of the intestinal mucosa. A distinct ILC22 subset expresses the natural cytotoxicity receptor NKp46 (NKp46+ ILC22); however, the(More)
IL-9 fate reporter mice established type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) as major producers of this cytokine in vivo. Here we focus on the role of IL-9 and ILC2s during the lung stage of infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, which results in substantial tissue damage. IL-9 receptor (IL-9R)-deficient mice displayed reduced numbers of ILC2s in the lung(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) comprise distinct populations with specialized immune-regulatory functions. However, the environmental factors that determine the differentiation of these subsets remain poorly defined. Here, we report that retinoic acid (RA), a vitamin A derivative, controls the homeostasis of pre-DC (precursor of DC)-derived splenic(More)
BACKGROUND The turnover of acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction is regulated in an activity-dependent manner. Upon denervation and under various other pathological conditions, receptor half-life is decreased. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We demonstrate a novel approach to follow the kinetics of acetylcholine receptor lifetimes upon(More)
The last 5 years have seen a remarkable extension of the innate immune system starting with what seemed at the time primarily cells that exert their influence during ontogeny of the immune system. So-called lymphoid tissue inducer (Lti) cells were soon joined by RORgt expressing innate lymphoid cells (ILC) that shaped immune responses beyond the(More)
The transcription factor GATA-3 is indispensable for the development of all innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) that express the interleukin 7 receptor α-chain (IL-7Rα). However, the function of low GATA-3 expression in committed group 3 ILCs (ILC3 cells) has not been identified. We found that GATA-3 regulated the homeostasis of ILC3 cells by controlling IL-7Rα(More)
Stroke is considered one of the main causes of death around the world. Survivors often suffer different kinds of disabilities in terms of their cognitive and motor capabilities, and are therefore unable to perform their day-to-day activities. To regain some of their cognitive as well as motor abilities, they require rehabilitation. To this end, we present a(More)
  • Christoph Wilhelm, Keiji Hirota, Benjamin Stieglitz, Jacques Van Snick, Mauro Tolaini, Katharina Lahl +3 others
  • 2011
Interleukin 9 (IL-9) is a cytokine implicated in lung inflammation, but its cellular origin and function remain unclear. Here we describe a reporter mouse strain designed to fate map cells that have activated IL-9. We show that during papain-induced lung inflammation IL-9 production was largely restricted to innate lymphoid cells (ILC). IL-9 production by(More)
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