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To ensure long-term consistent neural recordings, next-generation intracortical microelectrodes are being developed with an increased emphasis on reducing the neuro-inflammatory response. The increased emphasis stems from the improved understanding of the multifaceted role that inflammation may play in disrupting both biologic and abiologic components of(More)
Sea cucumbers, like other echinoderms, have the ability to rapidly and reversibly alter the stiffness of their inner dermis. It has been proposed that the modulus of this tissue is controlled by regulating the interactions among collagen fibrils, which reinforce a low-modulus matrix. We report on a family of polymer nanocomposites, which mimic this(More)
The hypothesis is that the mechanical mismatch between brain tissue and microelectrodes influences the inflammatory response. Our unique, mechanically adaptive polymer nanocomposite enabled this study within the cerebral cortex of rats. The initial tensile storage modulus of 5 GPa decreases to 12 MPa within 15 min under physiological conditions. The(More)
Polymers with the ability to repair themselves after sustaining damage could extend the lifetimes of materials used in many applications. Most approaches to healable materials require heating the damaged area. Here we present metallosupramolecular polymers that can be mended through exposure to light. They consist of telechelic, rubbery, low-molecular-mass(More)
We report on the mechanical properties of optically curable stereolithographic resins (SLRs) which were reinforced through the addition of small amounts of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). The resin/filler mixtures are readily accessible via simple mixing processes. A detailed rheological investigation of such mixtures and the successful processing of these(More)
The cellular and molecular mechanisms by which neuroinflammatory pathways respond to and propagate the reactive tissue response to intracortical microelectrodes remain active areas of research. We previously demonstrated that both the mechanical mismatch between rigid implants and the much softer brain tissue, as well as oxidative stress, contribute to the(More)
We recently introduced a series of stimuli-responsive, mechanically adaptive polymer nanocomposites. Here, we report the first application of these bio-inspired materials as substrates for intracortical microelectrodes. Our hypothesis is that the ideal electrode should be initially stiff to facilitate minimal trauma during insertion into the cortex, yet(More)