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BACKGROUND The benefit of Ginkgo biloba has been discussed controversially. The aim of this review was to assess the effects of Ginkgo biloba in Alzheimer's disease as well as vascular and mixed dementia covering a variety of outcome domains. METHODS We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane databases, CINAHL and PsycINFO for controlled trials of ginkgo(More)
INTRODUCTION Incisional hernias are a common complication following abdominal surgery and they represent about 80% of all ventral hernia. In uncomplicated postoperative follow-up they can develop in about eleven percent of cases and up to 23% of cases with wound infections or other forms of wound complications. Localisation and size of the incisional hernia(More)
Leibniz University Hanover, Hanover, Germany; University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany; F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel, Switzerland; Techniker Krankenkasse, Hamburg, Germany; Bayer HealthCare AG,Wuppertal, Germany; Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany; DAK-Unternehmen Leben, Hamburg, Germany; University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Nuremberg,(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common bacterial infections in humans. There is a risk factor for gastric or duodenal ulcers, gastric cancer and MALT (Mucosa Associated Lymphoid Tissue)-Lymphomas. There are several invasive and non-invasive methods available for the diagnosis of H. pylori. The (13)C-urea breath test is a(More)
The aim of this methodological paper is to summarize evidence on how to implement cost-benefit assessment according to the new German legislative framework (Competition Enhancement Act). Given the complexity of existing health policy frameworks within industrialised countries in adapting health economics in their respective regulatory scheme, no clear(More)
AIM To summarize the current evidence with regard to the effectiveness of nonpharmacological secondary prevention strategies of coronary heart disease (CHD) and to investigate the comparative effectiveness of interventions of different categories, specific intervention components and the effectiveness in patient subgroups. METHODS A structured search of(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common and potentially fatal malady with a life time prevalence of over 20%. For Germany, the mortality attributable to chronic ischemic heart disease or acute myocardial infarction is estimated at 140,000 deaths per year. An association between prognosis of CHD and lifestyle risk factors has been consistently(More)
INTRODUCTION Essential precondition for the development of cervical cancer is a persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The majority - approximately 70% - of cervical carcinomas is caused by two high-risk HPV types (16 and 18). Recently, two vaccines have been approved to the German market with the potential to induce protection against HPV 16 and(More)
BACKGROUND The number of individuals at risk for dementia will probably increase in ageing societies as will the array of preventive and therapeutic options, both however within limited economic resources. For economic and medical purposes valid instruments are required to assess disease processes and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions for different(More)
INTRODUCTION Today there are approximately one million people with dementia in Germany. If current demographic trends continue, this number is likely to rise substantially in the coming years. In the older population, dementia is the most frequent reason for long-term care. Because most forms of dementia cannot be cured, the aim of treatment is to delay(More)