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BACKGROUND Trastuzumab, a recombinant monoclonal antibody against HER2, has clinical activity in advanced breast cancer that overexpresses HER2. We investigated its efficacy and safety after excision of early-stage breast cancer and completion of chemotherapy. METHODS This international, multicenter, randomized trial compared one or two years of(More)
PURPOSE Trastuzumab, a humanized antibody against the human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2), has shown high efficacy in breast cancer. We prospectively investigated its efficacy given simultaneously with anthracycline-taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with operable or locally advanced, HER2-positive tumors(More)
BACKGROUND The AGO-ETC trial compared 5-year relapse-free survival of intense dose-dense (IDD) sequential chemotherapy with epirubicin (E), paclitaxel (T), and cyclophosphamide (C) (IDD-ETC) every 2 weeks vs conventional scheduled epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (EC→T) (every 3 weeks) as adjuvant treatment in high-risk breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor (PAI-1) play essential roles in tumor invasion and metastasis. High levels of both uPA and PAI-1 are associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. To confirm the prognostic value of uPA and PAI-1 in primary breast cancer, we reanalyzed individual patient data provided by(More)
In order to explore the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) on clinical mid-course and pathological complete response (pCR) at surgery in different biological breast cancer subtypes. The GeparTrio study included 2,072 patients with operable or locally advanced breast cancer. After two cycles with docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (TAC)(More)
Changes in structural support of the urethra and bladder neck have been proposed as important factors in the pathogenesis of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In this context, we undertook an ultrastructural study on the periurethral connective tissue with an emphasis on incontinent women with normotonic and hypotonic urethras. Small specimens of(More)
MIB1 proliferation rate (MIB1-PR) and total S-phase fraction (SPF) were retrospectively determined in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of 90 primary node-negative breast carcinomas. None of the patients had received adjuvant systemic therapy. Median follow-up in patients still alive at the time of analysis was 37.5 months (16-72 months).(More)
In breast cancer, several investigations have demonstrated that the tumour biological factors uPA urokinase-type plasminogen activator) and its inhibitor PAI-1 are statistically independent, strong prognostic factors for disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). However, statistical analyses performed for varying follow-up periods suggested a time(More)
Today, more than 70% of patients with primary node-negative breast cancer are cured by local therapy alone. Many patients receive overtreatment by adjuvant chemotherapy due to inadequate risk assessment. So far, few clinical trials have prospectively evaluated tumor biology based prognostic factors. Risk assessment by a biological algorithm including(More)