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OBJECTIVES Because of difficulty experienced in assessing pain in frail older patients and the lack of pain assessment tools with standardization in the elderly, the Functional Pain Scale (FPS), an instrument incorporating both subjective and objective components to assess pain, was developed and evaluated. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASURES One(More)
 Three-year-old Norway spruce trees were planted into a low-nitrogen mineral forest soil and supplied either with two different levels of mineral nitrogen (NH4NO3) or with a slow-release form of organic nitrogen (keratin). Supply of mineral nitrogen increased the concentrations of ammonium and nitrate in the soil solution and in CaCl2-extracts of the(More)
Rearrangements in the actin cytoskeleton play a pivotal role for costimulation-induced formation of the immunological synapse and T cell activation. Yet, little is known about the actin-binding proteins that link costimulation to rearrangements in the actin cytoskeleton. Here we demonstrate that phosphorylation of the actin bundling protein L-plastin in(More)
Activation of naïve T cells requires costimulation via TCR/CD3 plus accessory receptors, which enables the dynamic rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton and immune synapse maturation. Signaling events induced following costimulation may thus be valuable targets for therapeutic immunosuppression. Phosphorylation of the actin-bundling protein L-plastin(More)
The changes in lipoprotein(a) concentration that occur with age as a result of its association with an increased risk of coronary artery disease were investigated. Lipoprotein(a) concentrations were measured in serum samples from healthy volunteers, individuals with premature coronary artery disease, individuals with hyperlipidaemia but without evidence of(More)
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