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Testing the therapeutic potential of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in controlled trials requires a valid sham condition. Sham TMS is typically administered by tilting the coil 45--90 degrees off the scalp, with one or two wings of the coil touching the scalp. Lack of cortical effects has not been verified. We compared sham manipulations in their(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroendocrine (EE) cells are necessary for the regulation of gastrointestinal function. The lack of intestinal enteroendocrine cells in enteroendocrine cell dysgenesis causes severe malabsorptive diarrhea. Autoimmune-polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal-dystrophy (APECED) is often accompanied by gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. AIMS We(More)
BACKGROUND Orthostatic symptoms and syncope are common, even in apparently healthy subjects. In patients with severe autonomic dysfunction, water drinking elicits an acute pressor response and improves orthostatic hypotension. We tested the hypothesis that water drinking also improves orthostatic tolerance in healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS In a(More)
To evaluate the critical range of the patellofemoral joint motion from 30 degrees of knee flexion to full extension, motion-triggered cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed during active extension in 13 patients with confirmed patellar maltracking and 15 healthy subjects. Cine MR images were compared with static MR images obtained during(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether a commercially available ELISA could be used to examine bovine milk for antibodies against Neospora caninum. In an initial titration experiment, a milk dilution of 1:2 was found optimal to obtain milk results that were linearly correlated to those obtained with corresponding sera. This dilution was then(More)
Antibody microarrays are a developing tool for global proteomic profiling. A protocol was established that permits robust analyses of protein extracts from mammalian tissues and cells rather than body fluids. The factors optimized were buffer composition for surface blocking, blocking duration, protein handling and processing, labeling parameters like type(More)
BACKGROUND Sibutramine, a serotonin and norepinephrine transporter blocker, is widely used as an adjunctive obesity treatment. Norepinephrine reuptake inhibition with sibutramine conceivably could exacerbate arterial hypertension and promote cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS In 11 healthy subjects (7 men, age 27+/-2 years, body mass index(More)
Antibody microarrays have often had limited success in detection of low abundant proteins in complex specimens. Signal amplification systems improve this situation, but still are quite laborious and expensive. However, the issue of sensitivity is more likely a matter of kinetically appropriate microarray design as demonstrated previously. Hence, we(More)
BACKGROUND Observations in patients with functional mutations of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene suggest that impaired norepinephrine uptake may contribute to idiopathic orthostatic intolerance. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of the selective NET blocker reboxetine and placebo in a randomized, double-blind, crossover fashion on(More)